新世纪大学英语系列教材综合教程4英语课后题答案(含原句)及整句翻译

导读:11.Aseriesofnewpolicieshavebeenintroduce,课后习题close答案,让她可以有资格自己作为一名翻译,Unit11.Theenormous(庞大oilspillonAlaska’sNorthSloperegionin1989wasadisaster(灾难、灾祸)forAlaskanseaanimals.巨大的(庞大的)油泄漏对阿拉斯加北边坡区在1989是一灾

新世纪大学英语系列教材综合教程4英语课后题答案(含原句)及整句翻译

Unit 1

1. The enormous

(庞

大 oil spill on Alaska’s North Slope region in 1989 was a disaster(灾难、灾祸) for Alaskan sea animals.

巨大的 (庞大的) 油 泄漏 对 阿拉斯加 北 边

坡 区 在 1989 是 一 灾难(灾难、灾祸) 为 阿拉斯加 海 动物。

2. Due to the lack of labor force, even women in this village were compelled(迫

使) to work in the coal mines. 由于对 的 劳动 力 缺乏 , 甚至 妇女 在 这 村 是 强迫(迫使) 到 工

作 在 的 煤 矿山

3. The travel agency promised to offer foreign travelers everything from historical monuments and castles to modern leisure activities. 该 旅行 代理 答应 到 提供 外国 旅行者 一

切 从 历史 纪念碑 和 城堡 到 现代 休闲 活动。

4. According to the rules set by the company, anyone who is regularly late for work is likely to be disciplined(训导) or dismissed. 通过对 的 规则 的 的 公司集 ,

任何人谁是 定期 晚 为 工作 是 可能 到 是 纪律(训导) 或 解雇。

5. People in that area are already threatened with environmental destruction (破坏)since 60% of the forest there has been destroyed. 人们 在 , 地区 是 已经 威

胁与破坏环境 (破坏)以来的60% 的 森林 有 已 摧毁了。

6. The auto company has seen a huge increase in the output of private cars this year due to the improved working efficiency. 该 汽车 公司 已 看到 一 巨大的 增

加 在 私人汽车的 输出 这 年 由于对 的 提高工作效率 。

7. Under the severe attack from enemy aircraft, the troops were forced to retreated from the front. 在 的 严重 攻击敌人 从 飞机, 的 部队 是 强迫 到

撤退 从 的 前。

8. The tennis match was abandoned at half-time because of the harsh weather conditions.

9. The policeman searched the building thoroughly but did not find any trace of the criminal.

10. Survival of the Fittest is an eternal truth of nature. ,适者生存是大自然的一个永恒的真理。

11. A series of new policies have been introduced in the region in the hope of attracting foreign investment. 一系列新的政策已在该地区推出了吸引外资的希望。

12. The military government refused to transfer power to a democratically elected civilian government.

军政府拒绝将权力移交给民选文官政府

13. Many people tend to justify the breakdown of their marriage on the grounds of conflict of personalities.

很多人往往会抵销对个性冲突的理由,他们的婚姻破裂

14. The substance on the new medicine is believed to be safe,nonetheless, the Food and Drug Administrations is going to examine it all the same.

在新的药物时,该物质被认为是安全的,尽管如此,美国食品和药物管理局是要检查它都是一样的。

15. It has been a long tradition for businesses in this area to make contributions to the local charities. 这是一个悠久的传统,为企业在这一领域做出向当地慈善机构捐款。 16. In order to achieve a higher GDP, the government has taken various measures to accelerate the rate of economic growth. 为了达到一个更高的GDP,政府已采取多项措施,加快经济增长的速度。

17. Deforesting and global warming threaten our environment.

to ruin the current and future state of

滥垦滥伐,全球变暖威胁破坏我们的环境的当前和未来的状态。

课后习题close答案

Man has a blood tie with nature and nobody can live outside nature . Nature provides us with we need : the air we breathe ,the water we drink, and the food we eat.

For quite a long time after man began to live in the (realm) of nature , he lived in fear of its destructive forces . he used to regard nature with its (elemental) forces as something hostile to him . and even the forest was something wild and frightening to him . very often ,he was unable to (obtain)the merest daily necessities thought he worked together with others (stubbornly) and collectively with his imperfect tools , through his interaction with nature , man changed it gradually . he cut down forest , cultivated land , (transferred) various species of plants and animals to different climatic conditions, changed the shape and climate of his environment and (transformed) pants and animals . he (subdued) and disciplined electricity and compelled it to serve the interests of society.

Nonetheless , with the constant (expansion) of agriculture and industry , man has robbed nature of too much of its (irreplaceable) resources , polluted his own living environment and caused about 95% of the species that have existed over the past 600 million years to become (extinct) and still many others to be endangered . the previous (dynamic) balance between man and nature is on the (verge) of breaking down . man is now faced with the problem of how to stop , or at least to (moderate) the destructive effect of technology on nature . The crisis of the (ecological) situation has become a global problem . the solution to the problem depends on (rational) and wise organization both of production itself and care for moth

er nature . this can only be done by all humanity , rather than by individuals , enterprises or separate countries.

人有血缘与自然,没有人可以住外面性质。大自然为我们提供了我们需要的:我们呼吸的空气,我们喝的水,和我们吃的食物。

在相当长的时间的人开始生活在大自然的(境界)之后,他生活在恐惧之中的破坏性力量。他曾经与它的(元素)的力量把自然作为敌对的东西给他。甚至森林是野生的东西和可怕的给他。很多时候,他无法(获得)微薄的日用品,虽然他曾伙同他人(顽固),并共同与他的不完美的工具,通过他与自然的互动,人逐渐改变了它。他砍伐森林,耕地,(转)不同种类的植物和动物不同的气候条件下,改变了他的环境的形状和气候(转化)的裤子和动物。他(制服),有纪律的电力,迫使其服务社会的利益。

然而,随着不断的农业和工业的(扩张),男子抢走太多了(不可替代)资源的性质,污染了自己的生存环境,造成约95%已经存在,在过去6亿年的品种成为(已灭绝),仍然许多人受到危害。人与自然之间的上一个(动态)的平衡是打破的(边缘)。人类现在面临着如何停止的问题,或者至少(中度)技术对自然的破坏作用。的(生态)形势危机已成为全球性问题。解决这个问题依赖于(理性)和明智组织本身和关心大自然既生产。这只能由全人类来完成,而不是由个人,企业或独立的国家。 Unit 3

1. After gold was first discovered at Sutter’s Mill in 1848, many people traveled all the way to California in quest of gold and fortune. 后金第一次被发现在萨特的磨坊在1848年,很多人专程到加州的黄金和财富的追求。

2. He had finished his speech, but somehow he remained at the microphone for a few minutes, gazing at the audience.

他已经完成了他的讲话,但不知何故,他仍然在麦克风几分钟,凝视着观众。 3. Medical research has proved that people who consume large amounts of animal fats are more likely to get cancer and heart disease than those who do not.

医学研究证明,谁消耗大量动物脂肪的人更容易得癌症和心脏疾病比那些谁不知道。

4. My father’s job is to look through a microphone at viruses day and night, and his biggest wish is that I could follow suit and do likewise. 我父亲的工作是看通过麦克风在病毒白天和黑夜,他最大的愿望就是我能效仿,也这样做。

5. They filled a large cooking vessel with vegetables and let it simmer over the campfire.

他们充满了大量的烹调容器与蔬菜,让它煨在篝火旁

6、 She wanted to improve her English so she could qualify herself as a translator. 她想提高自己的英文,让她可以有资格自己作为一名翻译。

7. I can’t play the piano like I used to—my fingers have gone stiff from lack of practice. 我不能弹钢琴就像我以前,我的手指已经从缺乏实践僵硬。

8. He felt as if his whole world had collapsed when he learned that his child had been killed in the accident.

他觉得好像他的整个世界都崩溃了,当他得知自己的孩子已经在事故中丧生。 9. Some scientists predict that the Earth’s temperature would rise by as much as 5 over the next 20 years if we didn’t take effective measures.

一些科学家预测,地球温度会高达5上升,在未来20年,如果我们不采取有效的措施。

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