2013年中考英语单词拼写及综合填空题专项复习

导读:中考英语综合填空题专项练习1-15,1、用方框中所给词的适当形式填空,1.mother‘s.从与前后的单词的搭配来看应填“某人的”,2、根据短文内容在空格处填入一个适当的单词,需填单词的第一个字母已经给出,3、根据短文内容在空格处填入一个适当的单词,在下面的空白处写出正确的单词和短语,6.means.注意means(工具、方法、手段)这本单词本身就是以s结尾的,4.haveaparty.表示“

2013年中考英语单词拼写及综合填空题专项复习

4. A knife is used for (割) things. 5. Don’t trouble me. I’m (忙) with my homework. 8. Young people like to send (信息) to friends to greet each other

on mobile phones. 9. His ___________(爱好) is to listen to music after school. 5. This is a (现代的) mobile phone. I like it. 7. Her mother couldn’t (负担得起) to pay for her child’s education. 8. David (穿着) an old shirt every day. 9. Mr Green is a good teacher. He (教)us English last year. 10. National Day is on (十月)1st.

中考英语综合填空题专项练习1-15

1、用方框中所给词的适当形式填空,使短文正确、通顺。每词限填一次。

on,friend,ask,and,have,until,but,cheap,invite,in,mother,beautiful,much,because,put

We are going to have a party in our house this evening. It is my (1) ______ birthday, and she has (2)______ my uncles and aunts and some of her (3)______. Mother and I are (4)______ to cook most of the food for the party, and father is getting the drinks. The living-room looks very pretty. Balloons of all colours are hanging from the lights (5)______ we have taken the carpets away (6)______ we are going to dance there after dinner.

In the dining-room we have (7)______ out the best plates and glasses and tablecloths, and it all looks (8)______. We are going to have soup, fish, chicken, fruit and cheese. We are going to dance (9)______ midnight, and after that, we will have (10)______ food, because we will be hungry after all that dancing. Last year my mother (11)______ her birthday party in a restaurant, (12)______ it is pleasanter and (13)______ at home.

When it is my birthday, I am going to invite my friends and have a party in the garden. I will hang pretty lights (14)______ the trees and we will grill our food in the garden and dance (15)______ the grass. 「答案与解析」

本文讲述的是即将为母亲的生日party作准备的事情,以及对去年母亲生日party的回顾和对本人生日的设想。

1. mother‘s.从与前后的单词的搭配来看应填“某人的”,在方框中只有friend’s和mother‘s两个;由下文的描述,特别是第三段的第一句,可知应填mother’s.

2. invited.因为要举行party,自然就会邀请亲朋好友。由前面的has可知要用现在完成时表示已经邀请了,所以用invite的过去分词invited. 3. friends.见上题。

4. asked.由are可知,用ask sb to do sth的被动式,所以用过去分词。 5. and.两句之间一定是选连词,两句之间是并列关系用and. 6. because.前后又都是句子,且为转折关系,所以用连词but.

7. put.首先应判断用动词,又从后面的the best plates and glasses等可知应是已经“摆放”出来,所以用put的过去分词put.

8. beautiful.摆放的是最好的东西,房间看起来自然就是美的。 9. until.表示某种动用一直延续到某个时候用until. 10. more.由后文跳饿了,自然就会吃得更多。

11. had.与party搭配用have,因为是去年,所以用一般过去时had. 12. but.前后是转折关系用but.

13. cheaper.与形容词pleasanter并列的也一定是形容词,且为比较级,在方框中选出cheap和beautiful,根据常识应是cheaper.

14. in.表示在树上一般用介词in.注意表示在树上结的果子时又一般在on了。

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15. on.跳舞当然是在草地上,所以用on.

2 、根据短文内容在空格处填入一个适当的单词,使短文的意思完整,需填单词的第一个字母已经给出。 It is well-known that man is much cleverer than any animal. But which is the cleverest a_______(1) the animals? Some scientists t_______(2) it should be Alex, an African grey parrot. He is unlike any other animal. He can really t_______(3) with people! When he says “come here”, he really w_______(4) someone to come up to him.“ “Alex is as clever as a c_______(5) of 2 or 3 years old,” says Dr. Pepperberg. “He does not just repeat the s_______(6) he has been taught. He u_______(7) the words!”

Alex can tell about 50 d_______(8) things, name 7 colours and count from 1 to 6. Is the parrot actually thinking in the w_______ (9) how man does? Nobody can say. But the q_______ (10) is very interesting. 答案与解析

本文论述了非洲灰色鹦鹉被一些科学家认为是最聪明的动物。 1. among.表示最高级的比较范围,意为“在??中”,一般用of或among, 等介词,此处已有首字母a,所以是among.

2. think.根据前面的提问有首字母t可知是think,表示“有的科学家认为最聪明的动物应当是Alex”。 3. talk.根据下文对他会讲会的描述和空格后的with,可知是talk with sb(同??谈话)。 4. wants.根据前面的come here及后文的句式搭配可知是want sb to do sth(想要某人做某事)。 5. child.根据后面的两叁岁可知是小孩。

6. sounds.由前文的talk和后文的words可知是重复教他讲话的声音。

7. understands.从后文的描述可知,他不但会重复教他的声音而且还明白其意思。 8. different.根据things是复数及首字母的提示可知是指不同的(different) 事物。 9. way.根据句意“他的思维方式是否与的思维方式一样呢?”。搭配:in the way用这种方式。 10. question.上文“Is the parrot??”提出的是一个问题。

3 、根据短文内容在空格处填入一个适当的单词,使短文的意思完整,需填单词的第一个字母已经给出。 It is well-known that man is much cleverer than any animal. But which is the cleverest a_______(1) the animals? Some scientists t_______(2) it should be Alex, an African grey parrot. He is unlike any other animal. He can really t_______(3) with people! When he says “come here”, he really w_______(4) someone to come up to him.“ “Alex is as clever as a c_______(5) of 2 or 3 years old,” says Dr. Pepperberg. “He does not just repeat the s_______(6) he has been taught. He u_______(7) the words!”

Alex can tell about 50 d_______(8) things, name 7 colours and count from 1 to 6. Is the parrot actually thinking in the w_______ (9) how man does? Nobody can say. But the q_______ (10) is very interesting. 答案与解析」

本文论述了非洲灰色鹦鹉被一些科学家认为是最聪明的动物。 1. among.表示最高级的比较范围,意为“在??中”,一般用of或among,等介词,此处已有首字母a,所以是among.

2. think.根据前面的提问有首字母t可知是think,表示“有的科学家认为最聪明的动物应当是Alex”。 3. talk.根据下文对他会讲会的描述和空格后的with,可知是talk with sb(同??谈话)。 4. wants.根据前面的come here及后文的句式搭配可知是want sb to do sth(想要某人做某事)。 5. child.根据后面的两叁岁可知是小孩。

6. sounds.由前文的talk和后文的words可知是重复教他讲话的声音。

7. understands.从后文的描述可知,他不但会重复教他的声音而且还明白其意思。 8. different.根据things是复数及首字母的提示可知是指不同的(different) 事物。 9. way.根据句意“他的思维方式是否与的思维方式一样呢?”。搭配:in the way用这种方式。 10. question.上文“Is the parrot??”提出的是一个问题。

4 、根据上下文和括号里的汉语提示,在下面的空白处写出正确的单词和短语,使短文意思完整。

Perhaps more than any other people, Americans have come to depend on their cars. The family car (1)

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______(一直是) a common thing (2)______ (从??以来) the early twentieth century, and it has changed American life. Many people have moved (3)______(外面) of the large cities to the suburbs. Some Americans spend (4)______(每天两小时) or more in their cars (5)______(去上班) and home again. Cars have become the (6)______(工具) of transportation for most Americans going shopping, and even going on vacations. Americans (7)______(过去常常) like big cars, and gasoline used to be very inexpensive. Recently, (8)______(然而), the cost of gasoline has increased; smaller cars have become (9)______(更常见)。 Also foreign cars have become very common. Americans have bought (10)______(大量的) Japanese and German cars. They have bought cars from several other countries as well. 「答案与解析」

美国多数人都拥有汽车,因此有“车轮上的民族”之称,本文就是讲美国人使用汽车的一些情况的。 1. has been.句中无动词,由“是”可知要用be;结合第2题可知要用be的现在完成时态。 2. since.它引出的时间状语常与现在完成时连用。

3. outside.修饰动词moved要用副词outside;另外,短语outside of是“??的外面”。 4. two hours a day.注意表示单位时间的词“每天(a day)”要放后面。又如:每小时十公里ten kilometers an hour.

5. going to work.注意与前面spend的句型搭配:spend?(in) doing sth 花多少时间或金钱做某事。 6. means.注意means(工具、方法、手段) 这本单词本身就是以s结尾的,且单复数同形,若作主语要根据句意来确定是单数还是复数。

7. used to.表示过去常常用“used to +动词原形”。

8. however.注意however是副词,且后面常有逗号;但是but是连词其后无逗号。

9. more common.后面省略了than big cars,所以用比较级;common的比较级是在前面加more.

10. large numbers of.表示“大量的”还可用a large number of.

5、根据上下文和括号里的汉语提示,在下面的空白处写出正确的单词和短语,使短文意思完整。 Most of American businesses are open five days a week. American school children attend school five days a week as well.

American families usually have a (1)______(两天) weekend. The weekend is Saturday and Sunday. Over the weekend people spend their time (2)______(以许多不同的方式)。 Many families enjoy weekends (3)______(一起)。 They may go shopping, go for a drive or visit friends. They may also invite friends over and (4)______(聚会) at home. Many American families participate (参加) in sports during the weekend. (5)______(跑步), biking, playing volleyball and swimming (6)______ (流行) in summer. Skiing and skating are the (7)______ (最喜爱的) winter sports.

Weekends are also a time for American families to work on something in their yards or in (8)______(他们的) houses. Many families plant flowers and have vegetable gardens. Some families use the weekends (9)______(粉刷) or repair their houses. (10)______(对大部分美国人来说), weekends are very busy.

「答案与解析」

本文讲述美国人是如何过周末的情况。

1. two-day.“数词+名词”作定语,数词和名词之间通常用连词符号,名词要用单数。

2. in many different ways.表示“方式、方法”用way,表示“用、以”某种方式或方法用介词in. 3. together.表示“在一起”用副词together.

4. have a party.表示“聚会”用have a party或get together. 5. Running.注意一句话的第一个单词的第一个字母要大写。

6. are popular.因为popular(流行的) 是形容词,不能作谓语,必须在前面加上动词be;又因为主语是复数且为一般现在时,所以be用are.

7. favourite.在冠词和名词之间用形容词favourite. 8. their.在名词前作定语要用形容词性物主代词。

9. to paint.表示“利用??做??”是use?to do?,所以在paint前要加上to. 10. For most Americans.表示在作者或者说话人看来“对某人来说”用for.

6、阅读下列短文,在每个空格处填入一个适当的英语单词,使短文在结构和意义上完整。

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Students learn their lessons in class. They sit in the classroom _______(1) to the teacher. This is a way of learning. Is this the _______(2) way for students to learn? Of course not. There is another way to learn. That is students can teach themselves. For _______(3), if you cannot remember something when you are doing your homework, what will you do? You can look at your book to _______ (4) the answer.

How to teach yourself? The first thing you must do is reading. Read something you are _______(5) in, or you have to read. The second is that you must ask yourself questions. A clever student is usu-ally _______(6) at asking questions. The third is to answer the questions yourself by _______(7) hard, by reading books, and sometimes by asking _______(8) people. These are the ways of teaching yourself. If you keep doing _______(9) these for a long time, you are sure to have great _______ (10) in your study.

「答案与解析」

本文讲的是什么是自学和如何自己,以及自学的益处。

1. listening.从常识来看,学生坐在教室里当然是听老师讲课;从搭配上来看有一个to,这就提示我们想到listen to;又因为句中已有谓语动词sit,这个“听”的动作是伴随着sit这个动作同时发生的,所以要用其现在分词listening.

2. only.从后文的答语Of course not. There is another way to learn 可以推知问的是“这是学生学习的唯一方式吗?”

3. example.后文告诉我们是关于自学的一个例子,可见是For example (例如)。 4. find.前文说到“不记得了”,当然是看看书为的就是“找”答案了。

5. interested.从搭配和句意判断是说阅读你感兴趣的东西,be interested in(对??感兴趣)。 6. good.从搭配上看应是be good at(善于)。

7. working.要想自己找到问题的答案就得通过努力学习(work hard)。by是介词,意为“通过”,介词后一般只接名词、代词、动词的-ing形式,所以要在动词work后加上ing.

8. other.有时自己不能努力后仍不能回答的问题就会通过问别人来解决,所以用other(别的、另外的)。another是指“另一个”,后面一般接单数名词,而people作“人、人们”,本身就是复数了,所以不能用another.

9. like.句意是:如果你像这样长期坚持下下,你肯定就会在学习上取得巨大进步。介词like是“像??一样”之意。

10. progress.表示在某方面取得进步是make progress in.

7、 阅读下列短文,在每个空格处填入一个适当的英语单词,使短文在结构和意义上完整。 Every day we go to _______(1) and listen to the teacher, and the teacher will ask you some _______(2)。 Sometimes the classmates will ask you about the work of the class. When you are telling _______(3) in the class what you have found out about these subjects, remember that they will be _______(4) to hear what you are saying. You are not _______(5) part in a family conversation or having a _______(6) with friends. You are in class. There a large group of people will keep _______(7), waiting to hear what you have to _______(8)。 You must speak loudly and clearly _______(9) but without trying to shout so that they can _______ (10) you.

「答案与解析」

本文告诉我们:如果你回答老师或者同学的问题时,你要使他们都能够听得到你所说的话。 1. school.从后文“听老师上课”可知前文是“上学(go to school)”。 2. questions.与搭配ask当然是questions.注意要用question的复数。

3. others.同学问你,你当然是告诉班上的其他同学。由Classmates可知同学不止一个,所以others(别人) 要用复数。

4. able.从后文可知是指你回答问题时要大声点让同学们能够听到你在说什么。be able to能够。 5. taking.从搭配看是考查固定短语take part in(参加),要注意的是前面有are,动词take要用现在分词,共同构成现在进行时态。

6. talk.固定短语:have a talk with sb与某人谈话。 7. quiet.由后文等着听你说,他们当然就要“沉默”。词组:keep quiet保持沉默、不讲话。 8. say.听到你所说的话。引导宾语从句的what作say的宾语。

9. enough.从后文“但不是喊”可知是要求说得足够大足够清楚。副词enough(足够地) 要放在

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所修饰的形容词或副词之后,此处放在副词loudly and clearly后。

10. hear.说足够大声和足够清楚其目的就是为了让同学们能够听到你。

8、 阅读下列短文,在每个空格处填入一个适当的英语单词,使短文在结构和意义上完整。

School education is very important and useful. Yet no one can _______(1) everything at school and a teacher cannot teach his _______(2) everything they want to know. His _______(3) is to show his students _______(4) to learn. He teaches them how to read _______(5) how to think. So much more is to be learned outside school by the students _______(6)。

It is always more _______(7) to know how to study _______(8) oneself. It is quite _______(9) to learn something, but it is difficult to use it to solve problems. Great inventors do not get everything _______(10) school, but they still can ______(11) many things and change the world a lot.

How can the inventors do all of this? _______(12) of the answers is: they_______(13) how to study. A lot of things are not _______(14) in the classroom. They got a lot _______(14) knowledge by reading outside school. They work hard and never give up all their lives.

「答案与解析」

1. learn / study.由后文的at school可知是“学习”。 2. students / pupils.老师教当然是教他的学生。

3. work / job.结合全句的意思可知:老师的工作就是教会学生如何学习。 4. how.见上题。

5. and.前后的how to read与how to think显然是并列关系,所以用and. 6. themselves.句意:还有更多的知识要靠学生自己在出校门后自学。

7. important / necessary 句意:知道如何自学往往更重要或更必要。词组:teach by oneself自学。 8. by.见上题。

9. easy.因but表示前后是转折关系,后文是difficult,前文应当就是easy. 10. at / in / from.句意:发明家们并没有在学校或从学校学到了一切。

11. invent / do / make 由前面的inventors和后文的“改变世界”可知,他们发明了许多东西。 12. One.从后文的答语和谓语动词is可知,是其中的一个答案。one of“??中的一个”。 13. know.第7空后有明显的提示:know how to study. 14. taught / learnt / learned.由in the classroom可知是老师“教给”或自己“学到”,注意是被动语态,要用过去分词。

15. of.固定搭配:a lot of许多。

9、根据上下文和括号里的汉语提示,在下面的空白处写出正确的单词和短语,使短文意思完整。 When you laugh, you will (1)______(张开) your mouth and your teeth. The healthier those teeth are, the happier you look. Why is that?

It’s (2)______(因为) your teeth are important in many ways. If you take care of them, they’ll help to take care of you. Strong, healthy teeth help you eat the right food to help you grow. They also help you speak clearly.

You can take care of your teeth by doing like these:

Brush your teeth (3)______(一日两次) after breakfast and before bedtime. If you can, brush (4)______(午饭后) or after eating sweet cakes.

Brush all of your teeth, not just the front ones. Spend some time on the teeth along the sides and in the back.

Take your time while brushing. Spend (5)______(至少) 3 minutes each time you brush. Be sure your toothbrush is soft(柔软的)。 Ask your parent to help you get a new toothbrush (6)______(每三个月)。

Learn how to floss(用牙线清理) your teeth, which is a very important way to keep them healthy. It feels strange when you do it at first, but soon you‘ll (7)______(习惯于) doing it. The floss gets rid of food that’s hidden between your teeth.

Brushing and flossing (8)______(保持) your teeth healthy. You also need to care about what you eat and

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