大学英语题型

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大学英语题型

id=postmessage_5237>III.

* o% b# Z5 Q+ K! ]1 W' z Reading Comprehension (45 point, 3 for each)

One

Today anyone will accept money in exchange for goods and services. People use money to buy food, furniture, books, bicycles and hundreds of what they need or want. When they work, they usually get paid in money.

Most of the money today is made of metal or paper. But people used to use all kinds of things as money. One of the first kinds of money was shells. Shells were not the only things used as money. In parts of Africa, cattle were one of the earliest kinds of money. Other animals were used as money, too.

The first metal coins were made in China. They were round and had a

365un-做中国大学生第一门户~$ }5 r, y9 T# z. |8 y\3 N6 z, d2 ?; |; Ssquare hole in the center. People strung(系)them together and carried them from place to place. Different countries have used different metals and designs for their money. The first coins in England were made of tin. Sweden and Russia used copper to make their money. Later, other countries began to make coin of gold and silver.

But even gold and silver were inconvenient if you had to buy something expensive. Again the Chinese thought of a way to improve money. They began to use paper money. The first paper money looked more like a note from one person to another than paper money used today.

Money has had an interesting history from the days of shell money until today.

61. Which of the following can be cited as an example of the use of money in exchange for services?

: z& r- h+ t c& ]9 `365un-做中国大学生第一门户* H0 M4 O\6 ^\bbs.365un.cn9 y3 P% t5 f5 \\A) To sell a bicycle for $20

B) To get some money for old books C) To buy things you need or want D) To get paid for your work

62. Where were shells used as money in history?

A) In the Philippines. B) In China

C) In Africa D) It is not mentioned

63. Why, according to the passage, did ancient Chinese coins have a square hole in the center?

A) Because it would be easier to put them together and carry them around. B) Because it would be lighter for people to carry them from place to place. C) Because people wanted to make it look nicer.

D) Because people wanted to save the expensive metal they were made from.

64. Why does the author say that even gold and silver were inconvenient if you had to buy something expensive? A) Because they are easy to steal.

bbs.365un.cn- f7 h\3 K\B/ ) G s7 Ebbs.365un.cn* r0 T) O0 H. q% N365un-做中国大学生第一门户1 q x+ b% t t# M/ y/ j; ]& X( b4 b( a: D' b6 Y! w- Z' I$ W% H# Vbbs.365un.cn, N* ^& T/ M3 J& a$ j/ {4 E( T) W5 Z/ @; t, s c' _9 NB) Because they are difficult for people to obtain. C) Because they are not easy to carry around. D) Because they themselves are expensive, too. 65. Which one do you choose as the best title for this passage? A) Money and Its Uses B) Different Things Used as Money

C) Different Countries, Different Money D) The History of Money Two

bbs.365un.cn: B4 T; K. p$ A4 B( F$ \\365UN-做中国大学生第一门户365un,大学生门户,专升本,福建专升本,百事可乐合作伙伴供求,资讯,交友,大学城博客8 ?( P2 D; l! c365UN-做中国大学生第一门户,365un,大学生门户,专升本,福建专升本,百事可乐合作伙伴供求,资讯,交友,大学城博客% Z. R6 P5 Y3 M! A; S+ V1 ]# |& `- ^# H( r$ E# x) W- b2 B8 nbbs.365un.cn- |7 E5 w1 ]9 [, }5 NS: xbbs.365un.cn3 O8 @ G9 {- G+ Q& ?* z4 RResearch has shown that motivation(动机)is very important in learning a language; you need to be enthusiastic about it, and to be interested in it. Different people will have different motives – the desire for promotion, the hope of being able to study abroad, curiosity about a very different culture, and pure intellectual enjoyment is only one of possible motives. But actually wanting to learn is the most important motive of all.

365UN-做中国大学生第一门户,365un,大学生门户,专升本,福建专升本,百事可乐合作伙伴供求,资讯,交友,大学城博客1 B* f$ }! g4 f8 K1 OCourage is an essential attribute(属性)in learning a language. It takes a lot of courage to speak a foreign language either in front of your friends or to native speakers, but don’t be afraid of making mistakes---that is the way we learn. Nowadays there are many different forms of English, each with its own constructions and accent, and, so long as you can make yourself understood and can understand what is said to you, you have succeeded in communicating, which is the purpose of any language.

Curiosity is not only a possible motivation. It is also a great help in your learning. Remember that a language is not just a grammatical system, it is the outcome of a certain culture. It is not very helpful just to learn lots of words and lists of grammatical rules unless you know as much as possible about the background of the language, so that you can understand the ideas

. F# R5 t E) H$ P: rwhich are being conveyed(表达),the references which are being made, and the inferences which can be drawn from the information explicitly(明白地)given. So learn as much as you can about the different cultures which influence English—watch television programs, listen to the radio, try to obtain newspaper and magazines which are written by native speakers, look at advertisements, and above all, read---not textbooks, but novels and poems and plays. They will show you how language is really used. The English language is not an abstract(抽象的)system; it is a living form of expression which derives much of its meaning from the context in which it is used, and much of its effect from a whole network of extra – linguistic(语言学之外

的)knowledge. If you live in a country where English is the native language, you acquire this knowledge naturally, just as in China you acquired your own cultural knowledge unconsciously. But, because you are unlikely to be able to visit countries where English is spoken as the native language, you have to make a conscious effort to acquire this cultural awareness and knowledge.

66. With what topic is this passage primarily concerned?

A) Curiosity in Learning a Language B) Courage in Learning a Language C) Motivation in Learning a Language D) Qualities in Learning a Language

67. The author of this passage possibly is a ______.

A) beginner of English Learning B) foreign teacher of English

365UN-做中国大学生第一门户,365un,大学生门户,专升本,福建专升本,百事可乐合作伙伴供求,资讯,交友,大学城博客' u* H6 _1 Y8 n& d2 R3 Q- N% |+ A [1 G* m1 Y+ T365UN-做中国大学生第一门户,365un,大学生门户,专升本,福建专升本,百事可乐合作伙伴供求,资讯,交友,大学城博客: a# z8 d; X3 _C) Chinese teacher of English D) Chinese student studying abroad 68. What does the author suggest in this passage? A) You should not learn grammar.

B) You should ignore the rules of pronunciation. C) You should learn a language by making mistakes. D) You should learn a language at school

69. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE? A) You should be prepared to make mistakes in communication B) Words are the basis of English learning

C) Good pronunciation is important to an English learner.

D) Wanting to know everything does not help you learning a language.

2 y. \\0 F0 h W e, xbbs.365un.cn7 I6 Q# B; K5 n& v8 s$ C& C\/ D2 L3 n( J/ F( L* H5 W. P\百事可乐合作伙伴供求,资讯,交友,大学城博客$ {: F' Y# t\v6 D! V365UN-做中国大学生第一门户,365un,大学生门户,专升本,福建专升本,70. According to the author, what’s the best way of learning English?

A) To study hard B) To study abroad

C) To learning about cultures D) To make mistakes

Three

Amongst the most popular books being written today are those which are

% @. q2 u' j; ?\* s5 D%usually classified as science fiction(科幻小说).Hundreds of titles are published every year and are read by all kind of people. Furthermore, some of the most successful films of recent years have been based on science fiction stories.

It is often thought that science fiction is a fairly new development in

+ w: X+ }! p! S/ ]9 e3 d. ~literature, but its ancestors(原型)can be found in books written hundreds of years ago. These books are often concerned with the presentation of some forms of ideal society, a theme which is still often found in modern stories. Most of classics of science fiction, however, have been written within the

% Z4 n4 m8 L) ylast one hundred years. Books by writers such as Jules Verne and H. G. Wells, to mention just two well – known authors, have been translated into many languages.

Modern science fiction writers don’t writes about men from Mars or space adventure stories. They are more interested in predicting the results of technical developments on society and the human mind; or in imagining

bbs.365un.cn( y: r$ d2 `: O2 g. q2 Rfuture worlds which are a reflection(反映)of the world which we live in now. Because of this their writing has obvious political undertones(含意). In an age where science fact frequently overtakes(超越)science fiction, the writers may find it difficult to keep ahead of scientific advances. Those who are sufficiently clear – sighted to see the way we are going, however, may provide a valuable lesson on how to deal with the problems which society will inevitably face as it tries to come to terms with a continually changing view of the world.

71. Which of the following statements is NOT true? A) Science fiction is fairly new in literature.

B) Science fiction is rather popular with people today.

C) Science fiction often deals with some form of ideal society.

D) Hundreds of books classified as science fiction are printed every year. 72. Earliest science fiction was written _____. A) one hundred years ago

B) by Jules Verne and H. G. Wells

C) to tell people how to imagine future worlds D) hundreds of years ago

73. Modern science fiction writers are interested in_______. A) adventures in space

B) some form of ideal world

C) future worlds which have nothing in common with our present society D) predicting developments in technology and their effects on society 74. In our present world, _____________________.

A) science develops as fast as it is predicted by science fiction writers

bbs.365un.cn\% P! V' _5 G8 X' t1 |2 u+ H o- B; ^0 A\# _# g9 i$ o/ M' ^$ j( {) `- j- I! F% P. U+ `2 9 J# z9 e6 y- ebbs.365un.cn7 }?( b* t: 365UN-做中国大学生第一门户,365un,大学生门户,专升本,福建专升本,百事可乐合作伙伴供求,资讯,交友,大学城博客& T6 |* O- c7 f, t' m1 g; wB) science develops faster than writers can imagine

C) science fiction writers can always foresee what wonders science can do

D) Only science fiction writers can see the way science is going 75. Which of the following is NOT the conclusion that we draw from this passage?

A) Sensible science fiction writers may tell us what to do in future.

B) We are bound to have problems as we try to make progress in science.

cn]# C& % Z% D365UN-做中国大学生第一门户,365un,大学生门户,专升本,福建专升本,百事可乐合作伙伴供求,资讯,交友,大学城博客4 S2 A$ S0 \\3 P& r- V365UN-做中国大学生第一门户,365un,大学生门户,专升本,福建专升本,百事可乐合作伙伴供求,资讯,交友,大学城博客/ ]6 ]/ L5 a' ]0 ?1 J: C) No one knows anything about what to do with the problems we are to face.

D) Our view of the world are subject to change.

IV. Short Answer (10 points, 2 for each)

Do you find getting up in the morning so difficult that it’s painful? This might be called laziness, but Dr. Kleitman has a new explanation. He has proved that everyone has daily energy cycle.

During the hours when you labor through your work you may say that you’re ―hot‖. That’s true. The time of day when you feel most energetic is when your cycle of body temperature is at its peak. For some people the peak comes during the morning. For others it comes in the afternoon or evening. No one has discovered why this is so, but it leads to such familiar monologues(独白)as: ‖Get up, John! You will be late for work again! ‖ The possible explanation to the trouble is that John is at his temperature-and-energy peak in the evening. Much family quarreling ends when husbands and wives realize what these energy cycles mean, and which cycle each member of the family has.

You can’t change your energy cycle, but you can learn to make your life fit it better. Habit can help, Dr. Kleitmen believes. Maybe you’re sleepy in the evening but feel you must stay up late anyway. Counteract(对抗)your cycle to some extent by habitually staying up later than you want to. If your energy is low in the morning but you have an important job to do early in the day, rise before your hour. This won’t change your cycle, but you’ll get up and work better at your low point.

Get off to a slow start which saves your energy. Get up with a leisurely yawn(呵欠)and stretch. Sit on the edge of the bed a minute before putting your feet on the floor. Avoid the troublesome search for clean clothes by laying them out the night before. Whenever possible, do routine work in the afternoon and takes requiring more energy or concentration for your sharper hours.

76. What is Dr. Kleitman’s new explanation? It is that everyone has _________________________________________________________. 77.When is the time your cycle of body temperature is at its peak? It is ________________________________________________________________________.

78. If one wants to work more efficiently at his low point in the morning, he should

_____________________________________________________________

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