企业固定资产管理外文文献翻译最新

导读:毕设附件:外文文献翻译原文+译文原文,毕设附件:外文文献翻译原文+译文原文ThestudyonfixedassetsmanagementofenterpriseDaumJHAbstractTherapiddevelopmentofcomputertechnology,computertechnologyhasinfiltratedallwalksoflife;ithasbecomeaninte

企业固定资产管理外文文献翻译最新

毕设附件:外文文献翻译 原文+译文 原文

The study on fixed assets management of enterprise

Daum J H

Abstract

The rapid development of computer technology, computer technology has infiltrated all walks of life; it has become an integral part of the industry. The importance of computer software in the enterprise is more and more important. Fixed assets management in the enterprise management occupies an important share, fixed assets of enterprises with high quantity, variety, value; use cycle is long, etc. Fixed assets management is faced with a large amount of data copied, fill out a form, data save and query repeat operation. Enterprise reasonable use of fixed assets, the scientific management of fixed assets to conduct a comprehensive, especially to strengthen the information management of fixed assets utilization and analysis, the mining potential of the fixed assets, improve the effect of the fixed asset utilization, enhance the vitality of enterprises, improving economic efficiency of unit is of great significance.

Keywords: fixed assets; management information system; design 1 Introduction

Early, because there are no fixed asset management software system (EAM) systems in Europe with operation support, in the process of enterprise fixed assets management, frequently is the condition of the account, content, card is not consistent. Due to many asset information, to the operation of the data processing slow inefficient. Sometimes leadership often not particularly aware how much property, don't know the location of each asset, this leads to hard assets allocation, maintenance, use, scrap, lead to financial cannot charge-offs in time. Due to no unified scrap handlers, depreciation calculation is complex, the accuracy is not high. In brief in the early days of the fixed assets management mode, it is difficult to realize the effective management of assets. With the growth of the enterprise, fixed assets involves the processing of data is becoming more and more from the traditional fixed assets

management mode has been unable to meet the demand of enterprise management, so the fixed assets management system arises at the historic moment. Fixed assets management system to achieve the effective management of fixed assets, it will be complicated management process automation, statistical analysis and calculation of the assets, as well as make or print reports, simplifies many links in the management. Realize the assets of quick query, statistic and allocation. Implements the examination and approval of the paperless office mobile. Through the use of advanced bar code technology for fixed assets physical objects from the purchase, receiving, transfer, inventory, clean up the scrap comprehensive regulation. Through asset assessment effectively, improve the assets quality of asc and purchasing. 2 Literature review

In recent years, many countries on the basis of the fixed assets management, proposed the theory of quality management and made significant achievements. MOTOROLA and using of gm's six sigma quality management procedures, not only make the enterprise production and research and development to reduce the cost, also make the chaos of the original fixed assets become more clear, concise, and effective management procedures. One of the big five global accounting firms PWC has been focused on research in the fixed assets management of the world's leading supplier of superior performance. At the same time, PWC also make full use of their knowledge of experts, consultants, as well as the industry leader, the concept of the fixed assets management to deepen and focus on the promotion, has achieved remarkable success in the fixed assets management direction. And the literature also points out that foreign fixed assets management information system development and implementation of the main is divided into two kinds: mainly engaged in the research of fixed assets information system began to research the company, the company perennial engaged in the research of fixed assets management and information system planning and design, has a wealth of management experience and technical basis. Because of their early start has accumulated plenty of experience and development cases, these companies in the fixed assets management in the industry leading level. Company's technology department to study and let hair, fixed asset information

system technology department according to the specific needs of the company, customized special fixed assets management system, this system can well meet the current needs of the business, but lack of scalability, with the increase of the company's business, will often appear some defects. Fixed assets management still has great space for development. Many units of the construction of fixed assets management system is still in its infancy, existing information island, the system efficiency, slow data update cycle, etc. Fixed assets management system is still in the static mostly, single, batch processing stage, unable to meet the needs of enterprise of all departments. In the current rapid development of network technology, to develop a fixed assets management information system based on network can effectively solve the plight of the fixed assets management, this also is the inevitable developing trend of information system in the future. 3 System construction requirements

Fixed assets management of each enterprise is a very important work, fixed assets management well, can accurately reflect the performance and results of an enterprise crack down on corruption, provide the basis for the inspection period of staff, whereas mismanagement will cause the loss of the utilization rate of fixed assets, even lead to loss of state-owned assets. Especially for fixed assets distributed enterprise, use a lot of department fixed assets, including intermediary departments directly under custody of assets, station; Use range, classification of complex structure, large coverage, can be divided into the experiment equipment, daily business equipment, office equipment, measuring instruments and equipment and automation equipment, communications equipment, transportation equipment, tools, equipment, land, buildings, welfare facilities and so on more than a dozen categories; In addition some enterprise fixed assets quantity, usually involve large sums of money, updates faster, management requires timely and accurately reflect these changes, all of which poses challenges for the enterprise fixed assets management. The characteristics of enterprise fixed assets requires that we targeted in the development of industry, according to different units deployment management information system, in accordance with the characteristics for different business enterprises to establish a

proprietary fixed assets management system is absolutely necessary.

In order to meet the requirements of enterprise fixed assets management, the system USES the advanced computer programming language and database management technology. Strive to establish a complete set of enterprise fixed assets management system. The system requirements can truthfully accurate reflection of enterprise fixed assets usage, use period, equipment number, type and other information. From asset purchase, number, distribution, maintenance, recycling a whole set of processing flow. At the same time, the system should also be by department, according to the business to give different permissions, and according to the specific articles of association of enterprise fixed assets management of design, arrived in a seamless combination of information system and the organization's business.

Fixed assets management of each enterprise is a very important work, fixed assets management well, can accurately reflect the performance and results of an enterprise crack down on corruption, provide the basis for the inspection period of staff, whereas mismanagement will cause the loss of the utilization rate of fixed assets, even lead to loss of state-owned assets. Especially for fixed assets distributed enterprise, use a lot of department fixed assets, including intermediary departments directly under custody of assets, station; Use range, classification of complex structure, large coverage, can be divided into the experiment equipment, daily business equipment, office equipment, measuring instruments and equipment and automation equipment, communications equipment, transportation equipment, tools, equipment, land, buildings, welfare facilities and so on more than a dozen categories; In addition some enterprise fixed assets quantity, usually involve large sums of money, updates faster, management requires timely and accurately reflect these changes, all of which poses challenges for the enterprise fixed assets management. The characteristics of enterprise fixed assets requirements in let we have targeted industry, according to different units deployed in accordance with the characteristics of management information system, so for different business enterprises to establish a proprietary fixed assets management system is absolutely necessary.

4 System design

Fixed assets management system including system management, basic information management, asset management, and examination and approval administration four main modules. System business process of enterprise fixed assets management and development needs, realize the asset management as the core have full authorization to users at the same time, grasp the overall information and office and other functions of management information system on the net. System information management: this module contains staff management module, mainly to distribution system management authority, for different levels of employees, system will be awarded to the different administrative privileges. Permission to different employees, in can use the system function and has different limits can access the data content. At the same time the module can also be as the position changes of staff access to the system.

Basic information management: basic information management including use management, tube and categories of management of the organization. Can use to manage distribution in different parts of the fixed assets management, because the current many enterprise distribution of multiple departments in different areas of the city, or have a subsidiary in other cities, so the module can be according to the different unit seat according to regional management of fixed assets. Press agency management is at the same time to classify the management of fixed assets belongs to, you can clear understanding of the institutions have fixed assets. Category management is a type of fixed assets management. Asset management is the core functions of fixed assets management information system, which include: the list of assets, assets put in storage, the list of recipients and query management. Assets list is mainly given inventory of all fixed assets in the unit, and you can also output list of assets and fixed category for printing. Assets put in storage; it is for examination and approval of new assets, coding and entry in the database, convenient query in the future, management, maintenance, etc. List of recipients; reflect the use of all fixed assets in the unit. Through this function, managers can clearly know the whereabouts of the assets, and usage. Query management, it is for a specific query of fixed assets,

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