2013年新目标七年级上英语总复习(知识点)

导读:因what提问是什么,句末有单词English,其与in组成固定搭配inEngl,此句句意为“那个用英语怎么说?,5.Theparentshaveasonanda________.Ⅱ.将下列词组,【备课大师网】-在线备课,全站免费!无需注册,天天更新!例如:betweenyouandme“在你和我之间”,betweenthechairandthedesk“桌椅之间”。⑤under表示“在??下

2013年新目标七年级上英语总复习(知识点)

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例如:between you and me“在你和我之间”,between the chair and the desk“桌椅之间”。

⑤under表示“在??下面”

例如:under my chair“在我的椅子下面”,under the desk“在书桌下面”。 7.Please take these things to your brother.请把这些东西带给你哥哥。 释:动词词组take---to----表示把-----带给----。

例如:Please take the CDs to the boy.请把这些光盘带给那个男孩。 8.Can you bring some things to school?你能带些东西到校吗?

释:1)这句话是由情态动词can引导的一般疑问句。表示说话人请求对方的许可,询问是可以做某事,通常指朋友、熟人之间请求对方帮忙做某事的场合。 例如:Can you take the video cassette to Mr Green? 你能把这个录像带带给格林先生吗?

Can I look at the picture? 我可以看看这幅画吗?

2)some things译成“一些东西”,some意为“一些”,常用于肯定句及肯定回答中,但在表示委婉的请求、要求或建议的句型中也常用some代替any;any也表示“一些”,常用否定句及否定回答之中。

例如:Can you bring some milk to me? 你能带些牛奶给我吗?

3)Can 是情态动词,意思是“能够、可以”等。情态动词虽有一定的意义,但不能独立作谓语,必须在后面加动词原形,一起构成谓语。不论主语为第几人称,是单数还是复数,都是用于下面句型结构:

肯定式:主语+can+动词原形+其他。 疑问式:Can+主语+动词原形+其他?

答语:Yes, 主语+can. No, 主语+can’t. 否定式:主语+can’t +动词原形+其他。 例如 :I can find my pen.我能找到我的钢笔。 I can ’t find my pen.我找不到我的钢笔。

---Can you find your pen? 你能找到你的钢笔吗?

---Yes, I can./ No, I can’t.是的,我能。/ 不,我不能。 Can I come in? 我能进来吗? 9.take与bring

释:这两个词都有“拿”、“取”、“带”之意,带用法有别:

bring是表示“拿来;带来”,是指从别处往说话者所在或将要在的地方“拿”或“带”,即:“往外拿;带”。在方向上正好与take所表示的方向相反。take 意为“拿走、带走”,强调把人(物)从说话者身边带走。方向恰好与bring相反。

例如:Please take the math book to your sister.请把这本教学书带给你姐姐。 Please bring your dictionany to school.请把你的字典带到学校来。 三.典型例解

( )1. —____ is he? —He is my friend.

A. What B. Where C. Who D. How

分析:C 本题考查疑问词。what表示什么; where表示在哪里; who表示谁; how表示怎样; 由答语He is my friend, 可知问“他是谁?”,故选C。 ( )2. Mary and Joy are ____ Class One. They are ____ the U.S.A.

A. from; in B. in; from C. to; from D. in; to

分析:B 本题考查介词的用法。in指在??里(内,上), 用??; from指来自; to指

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到,对,向。由此题中的Class One和the U.S.A. 可知选B。 ( )3. —____ —Yes, I’m Mike.

A. What’s your name? B. What are you? C. How are you? D. Are you Mike? 分析:D A、B、C都为特殊疑问句, D为一般疑问句。由答语Yes可知问句为一般疑问句, 故选D。

( )4. —Is this ____ car? —Yes, it’s ____ English car.

A. a; an B. a; a C. an; an D. an; a 分析:A 本题考查a, an的用法。a用于以辅音音素开头的单词前;an用于以元音音素开头的单词前。car是以辅音音素开头, 其前用a, English是以元音音素开头, 其前用an, 故选A。

( )5. —What are those? —____ are cakes.

A. That B. These C. It D. They

分析:D these, those在问句中指代物体时, 答语中用they代替, 而对this, that回答则用it代替, 故选D。

( )6. —What’s that ____ English? —It’s a desk.

A. from B. to C. in D. /

分析:C 本题考查介词搭配。因what提问是什么, 句末有单词English,其与in组成固定搭配in English表示“用英语表达”,此句句意为“那个用英语怎么说?,故选C。 ( )7. —____ is she? —She’s ten.

A. How old B. How C. Where D. What

分析:A本题考查特殊疑问词。how old“多少岁”; how“怎样”; where“在哪里”; what“什么”, 由答语可知问句是“她多少岁了?”, 故选A。 ( )8. —Is her name Kate? —____

A. Yes, she is. B. No, she isn’t. C. Yes, it’s. D. No, it isn’t.

分析:D 本题考查一般疑问句的回答。her name是名词应该用it代替, 排除A、B;又因简答时it is不能缩写, 故选D。

( )9. I’m in Class 4. Are you in Class 4, ____?

A. please B. too C. and D. excuse 分析:B 本题考查词汇。please“请, 使人高兴”等, 用于客气的请求或吩咐;too“也”, 表示与上句的情况一样, 放在句末, 前用逗号隔开;and“和 , 又”, 用于并列; excuse“原谅,宽恕”。句意为“你也在四班吗?”,故选B。 ( )10. This is my teacher, Miss Chen. ____ is from Hebei. A. She B. He C. Her D. His

分析:A 本题考查代词由上文的Miss可看出这位老师是女士, 因此排除B、D;因为her是作宾语和定语的, 而根据空格位置可知这里是句子主语, 不能用her, 因此选A。 四.能力培养

Ⅰ.根据句意,写出划线词的对应词或反义词

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1.His first name is John,and his ________ name is Brown. 2.________ your pictures here. Take the books there. 3.Linda is my ________, and Clark is my uncle. 4.Ask and ________ these questions.

5.The parents have a son and a ________. Ⅱ.将下列词组译成英语

6.在课桌下面 __________________ 7.在沙发上面 ________________ 8.在背包里 ____________________ 9.在抽屉里 __________________ 10.在椅子背后 _________________ 11.在电话旁边 _______________ 12.在图片里 ___________________ 13.在墙面上 _________________ 14.在梳妆台和床之间 ___________ 15.在地上 ___________________ Ⅲ.单项选择

( )16.Is your photo in the drawer? ________.

A.Yes, I am B.No,it is C.Yes,it is D.No,I’m not ( )17.________ my baseball? It’s under the chair.

A.Where B.Where’s C.Where’re D.Where are ( )18.________ under the tree? No,they aren’t.

A.Where are B.What is C.Are they D.Is it ( )19.Where are your brothers? ________.

A.He is at home B.He is in his roomC. Yes,they are D.I don’t know ( )20.There ________ a computer on the desk. A.are B.have C.has D.is ( )21.________ there water in the cup?

A.Is B.Are C.Has D.Have ( )22.What’s under the desk? ________.

A.It’s a football B.I can see a set of keys C.They are red box D.There’s a cat

( )23.He ________ a small room. ________ a nice desk in it.

A.is, There is B.has, Has C.have, There is D.has, There is ( )24.Lucy and Lily ________ a new bike.

A.have B.has C.there is D.there are

( )25.There ________ an orange and two apples on the table. A.are B.has C.is D.have Ⅳ.句型转换

26.We are in Beijing. (就划线部分提问) ________ ________ we?

27.Can you bring the ruler to me? (作出否定回答) No, ________ ________.

28.I draw pictures on the wall. (变为否定句) I ________ ________ pictures on the wall.

29.We have two new students in our class. (变为同义句) ________ ________ two new students in our class.

30.There’s an English book in the desk. (变为复数句) ________ ________ English ________ in the desks.

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Ⅴ.选择句子补全对话 A: Hey, Susan! B: 41 .

A: Is my computer game on the table? B: No, it isn’t. It’s on the bookcase.

A: Oh, OK. 42 . Are they on the bookcase, too? B: 43 . They’re on the chair. A: Oh. So, where is my pencil case?

A.Yes!

B.The keys? They’re on the table. C.No, they aren’t. D.How about my books? E.It’s under the sofa. B: 44 .

A: And where’s my backpack?

B: It’s under the table. And your baseball is under the chair. A: Oh, OK. And where are Mom’s keys? B: 45 . Ⅵ.完形填空

A

This is a 46 of my bedroom. It’s a nice 47 . The door is 48 . And a ball is

49 it. 50 desk is near the window. You can see a 51 behind the desk. You

52 books and flowers 53 it. I 54 my’ English books in my schoolbag. The bag is now behind 55 chair.

( )46.A.picture B.book C.map D.family ( )47.A.classroom B.room C.toilet D.home ( )48.A.there over B.here C.this D.that ( )49.A.in B.on C.under D.behind ( )50.A.Me B.I C.My D.Mine

( )51.A.window B.door C.clock D.chair

( )52.A.see B.can see C.must see D.look at ( )53.A.from B.on C.at D.of

( )54.A.put B.colour C.find D.put on ( )55.A.a B.the C.an D.of

B

Look at the p 56 . It’s a picture o 57 a classroom. W 58 can you see i 59

the classroom? I can see a b 60 desk in the front of the classroom. Some books are o 61

the desk. What other things can you see on the teacher’s desk? I can see two white b 62 . There is some chalk i 63 them. Where a 64 the brooms? They are b 65 the door.

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Ⅶ.阅读理解,根据短文内容选择正确答案

A

This is a room in Kate’s house. There is a big bed, a table, a computer and some chairs in it. There’s a glass and some books on the table. There is a picture on the wall. Kate is in the room. She is looking at the picture. Her father and mother are in the school. They work hard.

( )66.Is there only one room in Kate’s house?

A.Yes, there is. B.There is a bed. C.There is a computer. D.I don’t know. ( )67.What’s in the room?

A.Only a bed. B.Only a table.

C.Only some chairs. D.A bed, a table, a computer and some chairs.

( )68.Is there anything on the table?

A.Yes, there is. B.No, there isn’t. C.Some books. D.A glass. ( )69.Who is at home?

A.Kate’s father. B.Kate’s mother. C.Kate s brother. D.Kate. ( )70.Kate’s father and mother are ________.

A.teachers B.students C.friends D.at home

B

Mrs King: Oh, Bill, where are my gloves(手套)? They aren’t here. Mr King: Maybe they’re in the dining-room.

Mrs King: No, they aren’t in our dining-room. Are they there? Mr King: No, they aren’t here. Mrs King: Are they on the table?

Mr King: No. Oh, here’s a glove under the chair. It’s black. Mrs King: No, that isn’t my glove. My gloves are white. Oh, Bill, are they here, in the car? Are they on you seat? Or under your seat?

Mr King: No, they aren’t there. But are they in your bag? Mrs King: No, they aren’t Mr King: Are you sure?

Mrs King: Yes... oh, Bill, they are here. Yes, these are my gloves. They are in my bag. Bill, I’m very sorry.

( )71.Mrs King is looking for her ________.

A.dining-room B.car C.gloves D.seat ( )72.The glove under the chair is ________.

A.white B.black C.Mrs King’s D.Bill’s ( )73.________ first name is Bill.

A.Mr King B.Mr King’s C.Her D.Mrs King’s ( )74.Mrs King’s gloves are in her ________.

A.bag B.car C.house D.dining-room Ⅷ.看图并联想

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