Unit 3 Alienation and the Internet习题答案综合教程四


Unit 3 Alienation and the Internet习题答案综合教程四

Unit 3 Alienation and the Internet

Key to the Exercises

Text comprehension

I. Decide which of the following best states the author's purpose of writing.

II. Judge, according to the text, whether the following statements are true or false. 1. T (Refer to Paragraph 1.)

2. F (Refer to Paragraph 2. When the author says \contradiction,\implies that this is in fact not a contradiction at all. Throughout the whole essay, the author explains the seemingly contradictory idea: on the one hand the Internet is responsible for global unification, and on the other it alienates the participants.)

3. F (Refer to Paragraph 3, where the author, by saying \be given to exaggeration?\his has never exaggerated anything.)

4. T (Refer to Paragraph 4. At the end of this paragraph, the author argues that when people spend much time developing on-line relationships with faraway folks, they will have no time to participate in communal activities, which undermines the sense of community.)

5. T (Refer to Paragraph 6. In this paragraph, the author argues that when surfing the Web a person might be cognitively overloaded and that the cognitive overload might result in a distorted sense of reality.)

III. Answer the following questions.

1. Refer to Paragraph 1. As the author sees it, the Internet is most likely to make our global village a better place to live in. It provides a miraculous forum for the globalization of ideas, which contributes to the realization of human potential. Furthermore, it is a powerful tool for the acquisition and application of knowledge. The benefits of the Internet, however, may be darkened by its negative consequences. It may deprive the user of his time for necessary interaction with other society members so that the whole world may be further fragmented. In addition, there is a reasonable likelihood that the Internet presents too much information, which gives the user a skewed sense of reality by making him cognitively overloaded.

2. Refer to Paragraph 3. His friend was addicted to the Internet. He would spend even over twenty-four hours non-stop on the Internet so that he had to force himself to go off line. As he spent so much time in cyberspace, his sense of reality might have been


crooked. Moreover, without any face-to-face verbal communication with other people, he felt lonely and depressed.

3. Refer to Paragraph 4. The alienation of society members had begun long before the Internet started to be used worldwide. After World War II, when the soldiers returned from the battlefields, they devoted themselves to \manufactured, which fed the creation of suburbs, and consequently people lived far apart from each. The Internet, however, has added to the problem and Internet addicts are far from rare. As illustrated by the example of the author's nephew, it seems to be an irreversible trend that more and more people, old and young, are becoming addicted to the Internet. They will spend many hours non-stop in cyberspace rather than with their families or friends. For lack of communication, they are becoming strangers to other people. Therefore, there is a good reason to believe that society is being further alienated by the Internet.

4. The \of communicating and making friends with people far apart on the one hand, but on the other, it estranges the user from the people around him by canceling his availability for face-to-face communication even with his families and close friends and for involvement in community activities.

5. Refer to Paragraphs 6 and 7. The potential of the Internet as a powerful tool for globalizing ideas and for acquiring and applying knowledge can only be realized when the user strikes a balance between reality and the Internet. Although the Internet makes it possible for the user to debate, shop, travel and have romance in cyberspace without leaving home, the overuse of this tool probably results in a distorted sense of reality. The only way to avoid being penalized by the Internet is make moderate use of this tool without losing one's sense of place in the world.

IV. Explain in your own words the following sentences. 1.

As the Internet can be reached and used with relatively few restrictions, it plays a role in connecting people globally, which is comparable to travelling through international waterways.

2. A lot of people talk about the \information age,\but not so many people are acquainted with the idea that the Internet separates people from each other and fragments society further as a result.

3. I think that in our society top priority is given to the satisfaction of one's immediate needs. The Internet is the best means to achieve this purpose, for on the Internet one can do whatever he likes to.

Structural analysis of the text

The three parts of the text:

Part 1 (Paragraphs 1?); Part 2 (Paragraphs 3?); and Part 3 (Paragraph 7).

Thesis statement: ... the Internet may be responsible for furthering the Concluding statement: All of this being said, I believe that the key to realizing the

fragmentation of society by alienating its individual users. potential of the Internet is in achieving balance in our lives. Rhetorical features of the text

More antonyms: real杗ot real, reality杤irtual existence, outside playing with his friends杙lay his games against his friends in cyberspace. The use of all these pairs of antonymous words and expressions helps to reinforce the seeming self-contradiction that the Internet can lead to globalization on the one hand and cause the alienation of the users from the people around them on the other.

Vocabulary exercises

I. Explain the underlined part in each sentence in your own words. 1. ability to develop, achieve or succeed

2. causing to feel very distant from or not welcome to other people

3. liked it very much and wanted to spend as much time doing it as possible 4. more information than one can cope with

5. a set of images and sounds produced by a computer which seem so real that for most purposes they can be regarded as real

II. Fill in the blank(s) in each sentence with a phrase from the box in its appropriate form.

1. for the better 2. at the expense of 3. was confronted with 4. took advantage of 5. in earnest 6. are available for 7. prior to

8. would give ... pause to think

III. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate forms of the given words. 1. alienating

2. globalization

3. fragmenting 4. addict 5. exaggerates 6. Depression

7. simulated

8. gratified

IV. Choose the word or phrase that can replace the underlined part in each sentence without changing its original meaning. 1. A 2. B 5. B 6. A

V. Give a synonym or an antonym of the word underlined in each sentence in the sense it is used.

1. Antonym: intended (purposeful, intentional, planned) 2. Antonym: extraordinary (unusual) 3. Synonym: alienate (isolate, estrange) 4. Synonym: cultivate (nurture)

5. Antonym: considerable (excessive, indulgent) 6. Synonym: improvement (enhancement) 7. Synonym: misrepresent (falsify) 8. Antonym: unimportant (trivial, minor)

VI. Explain the meaning of the underlined part in each sentence. 1.


2. thinking it is necessary 3. commonplace 4. at home 5. tell you 6. large number

Grammar exercises

I. Combine the sentences in each group into one, using at least one absolute construction. 1.

All of this being said, I believe that the key to realizing the potential of the Internet is in achieving balance in our lives.

2. There having been no rain, the ground was dry.

3. When I walked in, Grandpa was sitting at the kitchen table, the newspaper spread before him.

4. The boys leaned against the willow tree, their fishing poles resting on sticks, their eyes gazing at the bobbers floating on the ripples.

5. Mark went homeward alone, his heart full of a strange emotion.

6. The discussion completed, the chairman adjourned the meeting for half an hour. 7. Diana stood motionless at the end of the diving board, her hands at her sides, her

3. B 4. C 7. D 8. D

heels slightly raised, every muscle anticipating action.

8. The cowboy dominates the pages of many magazines, his hair dark and curly, his broad shoulders sloping yet powerful and his expression calm and confident.

II. Put the verbs in brackets into a gerund or an infinitive. 1.

pacify, be pacified, grumbling 2. seeing 3. being treated 4. doing

5. getting, closing 6. answering, ring 7. reporting 8. resolving 9. making 10. going

III. Rewrite the following sentences, beginning with the words given. 1. Hardly had he arrived when she started complaining.

2. Rarely does Manton care about anything else once he gets logged onto the Net. 3. Under no circumstances must you touch this switch. 4. Never in all their lives have they known such hardships.

5. So much does he worry about his financial position that he can't sleep at night. 6. Not only did he speak more correctly but also more convincingly. 7. Only after several trials did they succeed.

8. Under no circumstances are the passengers permitted to open the doors themselves.

IV. Rewrite each of the following sentences, shifting the adverbial phrase of direction or place to the front of the clause. Use inversion where possible. 1.

The teacher blew a whistle and off ran the children.

2. The man lit the fuse and after a few seconds up went the rocket. 3. On the stairs was sitting a small dark-haired girl. 4. Round the corner came a milk-van. 5. There goes the vicar.

6. The people dived for cover as over their heads flew the bullets. 7. In the doorway stood her father.

8. In front of them was a white pillar and on top of it stood a small, marble statue.

V. Correct any mistakes you find in this newspaper item.

The people of Sawston were evacuated yesterday as forest fires headed towards the town.

五星文库wxphp.com包含总结汇报、IT计算机、资格考试、专业文献、党团工作、word文档、外语学习、文档下载以及Unit 3 Alienation and the Internet习题答案综合教程四等内容。