2016年人教版八年级下册英语各单元重点短语、句型及语法

导读:人教八下重要短语、句型及语法Unit1What’sthematter?,一、重点短语1.haveafever发烧2.haveacough咳嗽3.have,16.keepondoingsth.坚持做某事17.soundlike听起来像1,5.Shesaidthatthemanhadaheartproblemandsh,二、重点句型,三、重点语法,3.动词短语,9.takeouttherubbis

2016年人教版八年级下册英语各单元重点短语、句型及语法

人教八下重要短语、句型及语法 Unit 1 What’s the matter?

一、重点短语 1. have a fever 发烧 2. have a cough 咳嗽 3. have a toothache 牙疼 4. talk too much 说得太多 5. drink enough water 喝足够的水 6. have a cold 受凉;感冒 7. have a stomachache 胃疼 8. have a sore back 背疼 9. have a sore throat 喉咙痛 10. lie down and rest 躺下来休息 11. so that 以便 12. see a dentist 看牙医 13. get an X-ray 拍X 光片 14. take one’s temperature 量体温 15. give up 放弃

16. keep on doing sth. 坚持做某事 17. sound like 听起来像 18. run out (of) 用完; 用尽 19. in the same way 以同样的方式 20. be used to doing sth. 习惯做某事 21. go along 沿着……走 二、重点句型

1. What’ s the matter with you? / What’ s wrong with you? 你怎么了?

2. What should she do? 她该怎么办呢?→ 主语+ should/shouldn’t + 动词原形. .. ①You should lie down and rest. 你应该躺下休息一会儿。

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23. make a decision 做出决定 24. without thinking twice 没有多想 25. get off 下车

26. have a heart problem 有心脏病 27. to one’s surprise 使....... 惊京讶的 28. thanks to 多亏了 ;由于 29. in time 及时 30. save a life 挽救生命 31. get into trouble 造成麻烦 32. right away 立刻;马上 33. because of 由于

34. get out of 离开;从……出萍 35. hurt oneself 受伤 36. take risks 冒险 37. fall down 摔倒

38. feel sick 感到恶心/感到不舒服 39. have a nosebleed 流鼻血 40. so. . . that 如此… …以至于… 41. have problems breathing 呼吸困难 42. be in control of 掌管;管理

② You shouldn’t go out at night. 你晚上不应该出去。 3. Do you think it comes from a newspaper or a book? 你认为它是来自报纸还是书呢?

4. I think I sat in the same way for too long without moving. 我想我以同样的姿势一动不动地坐得太久了。

5. She said that the man had a heart problem and should go to the hospital 三、重点语法

1. have在涉及健康问题的句子中的应用。

2. 情态动词should和shouldn’t表“建议”、“提议”或“请求”等。 3. 反身代词。

4. see sb. doing sth.表示“看到某人正在从事某事或正处于某种状态” see sb. do sth (注:不定式不必带 to)表示“看见某人/某物做完某事” 5. thanks to sb./sth.表示“多亏;因为;由于”。

Unit 2 I ’ll help to clean up the city parks.

一、重点短语

1. Clean-Up Day 清洁日 2. an old people’s home 养老院 3. help out with sth. 帮助解决困难 4. used to 曾经… … ;过去 5. care for 关心;照顾 6. the look of joy 快乐的表情 7. at the age of 在......岁时 8. clean up 打扫(或清除)干净 9. cheer up (使)变得更高兴;振雀 10. give out 分发; 散发 11. come up with 想出;提出 12. make a plan 制订计划 13. make some notices 做些公告牌

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14. try out 试用;试行

15. work for 为…工作;为…. 效力 16. put up 建造;举起;张贴 17. hand out 分发;散发;发给 18. call up 打电话;召集 19. put off 推迟;延迟 20. for example 比如;例如 21. raise money 筹钱;募捐 22. take after 与......相像;像 23. give away 赠送;捐赠 24. fix up 修理;修补;解决 25. be similar to 与……相似 26. set up 建立;设立

27. disabled people 残疾人 28. make a difference 影响;有作用

29. be able to 能够

30. after-school reading program 课外阅读项目

二、重点句型

1. The boy could give out food at the food bank. 这个男孩可以在食品救济站分发食物。

2. Clean-Up Day is only two weeks from now. 清洁日离现在仅仅两周的时间。 3. He volunteers at an animal hospital every Saturday morning. 每周六上午,他都在一'家动物医院当志愿者。

4. Last year, she decided to try out for a volunteer after-school reading program. 去年,她决定去参加一个课外阅读项目的志愿者 的选拔。

5. I want to put off my plan to work in an animal hospital until next summer. 我想把我在动物医院工作的计划推迟到明年夏天。

7. Most people today are only worried about getting good jobs to make lots of money. 现在的大部分人只是为找一份能挣许多钱的好工 作而着急。 8. You helped to make it possible for me to have Lucky. 在你的帮助下,我才有可能拥有“幸运儿”。 三、重点语法

1. 动词不定式作宾语;状语和宾语补足语。 2. 情态动词could表建议的用法。 3. 动词短语。

Unit 3 Could you please clean your room?

一、 重点短语

1. go out for dinner 出去吃饭 2. stay out late 在外面待到很晚 3. go to the movies 去看电影 4. get a ride 搭车

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5. work on 从事

6. finish doing sth. 完成做某事 7. depend on依赖;依靠 8. do the dishes 洗餐具

9. take out the rubbish 倒垃圾 10. fold your/the clothes 叠衣服 11. sweep the floor 扫地 12. make your/the bed 整理床铺 14. no problem 没问题 15. welcome sb. 欢迎某人 16. come home from work下班回家 17. throw down 扔下 18. a waste of time浪费时间 19. make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事 20. take sb. for a walk 带某人去散步 21. all the time 一直;总是 22. all day/evening 整曰/夜 23. do house work 做家务 24. shout back 大声回应 25. enough stress足够的压力 26. share the housework 分担家务 二、重点句型

27. look after/take care of 照顾;照看 28. in surprise 惊讶地

29. get something to drink 拿点喝的东西 30. in order to为了 31. hang out 闲逛

32. do one’s part in (doing ) sth. 做某人分内的事

33. lend sb. sth. 把某物借给某人 34. get good grades取得好成绩 35. hate to do sth. 讨厌做某事 36. do chores 做杂务

37. help sb. do / with sth 帮助某人干某事 38. mind doing sth. 介意做某事 39. buy some snacks买些小吃 40. go to the store去商店

41. invite sb. to a party邀请某人参加聚会

1. Could you please…..do sth. ? / Could you please clean your room? 2. I have to do some work. 我必须干些活。

3. Could I+ do sth. ? → Could I use your computer? 4. She won’ t be happy if she sees this mess.

如果她看到这样乱七八糟的话,她会不高兴的。 5. For one week, she did not do any housework and neither did I. 整整一周,她什么家务活都不干了,我也一样。 6. My mom came over as soon as I sat down in front of the TV . 我一在电视机前坐下,我妈妈就过来了。 7. hate + ( to do/ doing) sth. → I hate to do chores.

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三、重点语法

1. Could表礼貌的请求或者请求允许。

Unit 4 Why don’t you talk to your parents?

一、重点短语

1. have free time有空闲时间

2. allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事 3. hang out with sb. 与某人闲逛 4. after-school classes课外活动课 5. get into a fight with sb. 与某人吵架/打架 6. until midnight直到半夜 7. talk to sb. 与某人交谈 8. too many太多

9. study too much学得过多 10. get enough sleep有足够的睡眠 11. write sb. a letter给某人写信 12. call sb. up打电话给某人 13. surprise sb. 令某人惊讶 14. look through翻看

15. be angry with sb. 生某人的气 16. a big deal重要的事 17. work out成功地发展;解决 18. get on with不 11睦相处;关系良: 19. fight a lot经常吵架/打架 20. hang over笼罩

21. refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事 二、重点句型

1. I studied until mid night last night so I didn’t get enough sleep. 我昨晚学习到半夜所以睡眠不足。

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22. offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事 23. so that以便

24. mind sb. doing sth. 介意某人做某事 25. all the time一直 26. in future今后

27. make sb. angry使某人生气 28. worry about sth. 担心某事

29. copy one’s homework抄袭某人的作业 30. be oneself做自己 31. family members

32. spend time alone独自消磨时光 33. give sb. pressure给某人施压 34. have a fight with sb. 与某人吵架 35. compete with sb. 与某人竞争 36. free time activities业余活动 37. get better grades取得更好的成绩 38. give one’s opinion提出某人的观点 39. learn exam skills学习应试技巧 40. practice sports体育训练 41. cause stress造成压力 42. cut out删除

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