27. The amount of waste produced in the world has doubled in the past ten years.

28. Two reasons for recycling are lack of places to put waste and shortage of resources.

29. Plastics and food waste account for the largest percentage of the total trash and garbage in

the United States.

30. In Germany, the government has laid down a strict law that more recycled materials

should be used in all manufacturing industries.

31. Recycling goes so smoothly in Japan that most of its household trash, such as paper, glass

and metal can be reused in one way or another.

32. In this article the author believes the recycling has turned out to be the only way of

preventing modern societies from turning into throwaway societies.

33. Basically, there are two problems with regard to recycling: one is usability of recycled

materials; the other is cost of recovery.

34. Recycling is of significance so that it provides us with a new way of looking at our use of

the earth’s limited resources.

35. Recycling will finally lead to a big change in looking at our use of the earth’s limited


Section B Reading in Depth (30%)

Directions: There are 3 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions

or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C), and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Passage Two

Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage.

Friends play an important part in our lives, and although we may take friendship for granted, we often don’t clearly understand how we make friends. While we get on well with a number of people, we are usually friends with only a few, for example, the average among students is about six per person. In all the cases of friendly relationship, two people like one another and enjoy being together, but beyond that, the degree of intimacy between them and the reasons for their shared interest vary enormously. As we get to know people we take into account things like age, race, economic condition, social position, and intelligence. Although these factors are not of prime importance, it is more difficult to get on with people when there is a marked difference in age and background.

Some friendly relationships can be kept on argument and discussion, but it is usual for close friends to have similar ideas and beliefs, to have attitudes and interests in common — they often talk about “being on the same wave length”. It generally takes time to reach this point. And the more intimately involved people become, the more they rely on one another. People want to do friends favors and hate to break a promise. Equally, friends have to learn to put up with annoying habits and to tolerate differences of opinion.

In contrast with marriage, there are no friendship ceremonies to strengthen the association between two people. But the supporting and understanding of each other that results from shared experiences and emotions does seem to create a powerful bond, which can overcome differences in background and break down barriers of age, class and race. 36. What are friends according to the author?

A) Friends are those who can get on well with each other.

扬州大学大学英语二级考试试卷 (UCET Band 2A 2007-07-04)


B) Friends are those who can understand each other.

C) Friends are closer than those who get on well with each other. D) Friends are those who know how to get on well with each other.

37. Such things as age, race and background are important factors in making friends because


A) in any case of friendly relationship, two people must have similar interests B) the degree of friendship between people can vary greatly C) the reasons for their shared interest can vary greatly

D) it is harder to make friends when two people have a notable difference in age and background

38. In paragraph 2, “being on the same wave length” most probably means ______.

A) keeping friendship all the time

B) having the same age and background

C) sharing similar interests, ideas, attitudes and beliefs D) sharing the same rights between friends

39. Which of the following statements is implied in the passage?

A) Sometimes friends may have different ideas.

B) Close friends must have similar ideas, interests, beliefs and attitudes. C) Friends can break a promise.

D) Friends never argue with each other.

40. To strengthen the association between the two people, ______.

A) friendship ceremonies must be held

B) differences in background have to be eliminated

C) people should make friends only with those who are similar to them in age and background

D) they should support and understand each other in any case

Passage Three

Questions 41 to 45 are based on the following passage.

The frightening rise in crimes of violence throughout the country has caused more and more people to arm themselves. They buy guns to protect their homes and to carry with them for personal safety when traveling. Unfortunately, instead of safety, what the new handgun owner too often gets is personal tragedy (悲剧). As I found out in my reading, a handgun does not protect the American home very well. The home handgun is far more likely to kill or injure family members and friends than anyone who breaks in, and is especially harmful to young adults and to children.

Because 90 percent of the break-and-enters take place when no one is at home, the handgun bought for defense is very often stolen. According to some statistics, each year about 100,000 handguns are stolen from ordinary citizens. These handguns then enter the criminal underworld (黑社会) and are used in more crimes. Thus, the citizens who lost their guns are helping to arm the criminal class.

扬州大学大学英语二级考试试卷 (UCET Band 2A 2007-07-04)


As a New York City police officer recently pointed out to a homeowner who asked if he should buy a handgun to protect his home, too often it is the homeowner himself who ends up getting shot and killed, because he most often warns the robber by saying something like “Stop!” or “What do you think you’re doing?” Possibly, the thief turns and fires.

In street crime, the use of a handgun for defense is very risky, with the defender often losing the gun and leaving it used against him. The handgun owner seldom even gets the chance to use his or her gun because the moment of surprise is always with the attacker. In fact, trying to use a handgun to keep someone off makes the risk of death quite a bit higher.

For the ordinary citizen, using a handgun is seldom helpful for defense on the street. And, in the home, the only way to get real defense from a personal handgun would be to have it always at the ready, perhaps in hand loaded and ready to fire every time there is a knock on the door. That is not exactly the American way or my idea of a civilized (文明的) society. 41. Why do people arm themselves according to the passage?

A) To protect their personal goods and safety. B) To kill animals.

C) To reduce the number of crimes of violence. D) To attack others.

42. More often than not, what the handgun brings its owner is ______.

A) entertainment B) tragedy C) fortune D) safety

43. We can infer from the passage that ______.

A) self-defense is of no use

B) home handguns do more harm than good to ordinary people C) stolen handguns are usually thrown away D) handguns are no longer needed

44. If a citizen uses a handgun to protect himself in street crime, he will probably ______.

A) be safe and sound B) kill the attacker C) risk his life D) hurt other people instead

45. The passage is mainly about ______.

A) how criminals get guns from ordinary citizens B) why the handgun is not essential for home defense C) when street crime is most likely to happen D) how handguns protect people’s lives

Passage Four

Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage.

Emotional intelligence skills are synergistic (起协同作用的) with cognitive ones: top performers have both. The more complex the job, the more important emotional intelligence.

Take, for example, an executive who had just been brought in to run a $ 65 million, family owned business, the first president from outside the family. A researcher, using an interview method to assess the executive’s ability to handle cognitive complexity, determined his capacity was the very highest — a “level six,” someone smart enough, theoretically, to be

扬州大学大学英语二级考试试卷 (UCET Band 2A 2007-07-04)


CEO of a global firm or head of a country. But during that interview the conversation turned to why he had to leave his previous job: He had been fired because he had failed to confront subordinates and hold them responsible for their poor performance.

“It was still an emotional trigger for him,” the researcher told me. “His face got red and flushed, he started waving his hands — he was clearly agitated. It turned out that his new boss — the owner of the company — had criticized him that very morning for the same thing, and he went on and on about how hard it was for him to confront low-performing employees, especially when they had been with the company for a long time.” And, the researcher noted, “While he was so upset his ability to handle cognitive complexity — to reason — plummeted (骤降).”

In short, out-of-control emotions can make smart people stupid. The aptitudes you need to succeed start with intellectual horsepower — but people need emotional competence, too, to get the full potential of their talents. The reason we don’t get people’s full potential is emotional incompetence.

46. This passage mainly discusses ______.

A) the relationship between emotional intelligence and cognitive competence B) the differences between emotional competence and cognitive capacity

C) the importance of emotional intelligence skills in the making of an executive D) the assessment of executive’s ability to handle cognitive complexity

47. According to the author, technical expertise obviously belongs to ______.

A) emotional intelligence skills B) academic performance C) cognitive skills

D) common sense plus practical intelligence

48. From the context we may figure out that the expression “a level six” refers to ______.

A) a person who studies in grade six

B) a person with highest possible cognitive intelligence C) a person with highest emotional intelligence D) a person who is smart enough to head a country

49. What do you know about the executive mentioned in the passage?

A) He has low cognitive competence and low emotional intelligence. B) He has high cognitive competence and high emotional intelligence. C) He has low cognitive competence but high emotional intelligence. D) He has high cognitive competence but low emotional intelligence.

50. In the last paragraph, the author suggests that emotional intelligence skills are indispensable ______.

A) for the attainment of one’s potentials

B) for a smart display of one’s executive competence

C) for an effective exercise of one’s influence as an executive D) for the accumulation of one’s aptitudes

扬州大学大学英语二级考试试卷 (UCET Band 2A 2007-07-04)


Part III Cloze (10%)

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices

marked A), B), C), and D). You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Everyone wants to be healthy and happy. 51 , illness or accidents may occur without any 52 . Frequently the person who is 53 can be cared for at home if there is someone 54 of looking after him under the doctor’s 55 . Sometimes arrangements can be 56 for a visiting nurse to give the necessary 57 once a day, or often, if necessary. The responsible one in the home 58 on with the rest of the care during the 59 between the nurses visits. The rapid diagnosis and immediate treatment 60 the spot of an accident or 61 illness, while awaiting the arrival of doctors, is called the first aid and quite 62 from the home nursing.

When illness does come, the whole family is 63 . Many adjustments have to be made 64 the family routine needn’t be 65 completely. Often it can be rearranged with home duties simplified to save time and energy, thus reducing 66 on the family. The 67 responsibility for giving nursing care is usually 68 by one person, frequently the mother. 69 , in order that she may have some much needed rest, or in 70 she herself is ill, other members of the family should learn how to help when sickness occurs. 51. A) Occasionally B) Unfortunately C) Miserably D) Naturally 52. A) reason B) notice C) warning D) signal 53. A) weak B) patient C) ill D) guilty 54. A) suitable B) appropriate C) capable D) indispensable 55. A) introduction B) control C) decision D) direction 56. A) done B) made C) placed D) performed 57. A) entertainment B) cure C) care D) training 58. A) works B) carries C) looks D) depends 59. A) break B) gap C) interval D) course 60. A) on B) in C) at D) from 61. A) immediate B) sudden C) instant D) gradual 62. A) similar B) distinct C) urgent D) separate 63. A) inclined B) related C) affected D) effected 64. A) and B) but C) or D) thus 65. A) puzzled B) confused C) troubled D) disturbed 66. A) strain B) worry C) pain D) trouble 67. A) joint B) overall C) intensive D) extensive 68. A) confirmed B) ensured C) assumed D) concerned 69. A) Therefore B) Moreover C) Furthermore D) However 70. A) fact B) case C) result D) contrast

Part IV Translation (15%)

Directions: Translate the following sentences into English and write your answers on the

Answer Sheet.

扬州大学大学英语二级考试试卷 (UCET Band 2A 2007-07-04)