practise a

custom, is by no means necessarily a reason why they ought to do so. Now collections of ethnographic evidence,

bringing so prominently into view the agreement of immense multitudes of men as to certain traditions, beliefs,

and usages, are peculiarly liable to be thus improperly used in direct defense of these institutions themselves, even

old barbaric nations being polled to maintain their opinions against what are called modern ideas. As it has more than once happened to myself to find my collections of traditions and beliefs thus set up to

prove their own objective truth, without proper examination of the grounds on which they were actually received,

I take this occasion of remarking that the same line of argument will serve equally well to demonstrate, by the

strong and wide consent of nations, that the earth is flat, and night-mare the visit of a demon.


46. The author's attitude towards the phenomena mentioned at the beginning of the text is one of _____.

[A] skepticism [B] approval [C] indifference [D] disgust

47. By \[A] most people are just followers of new ideas [B] even sound minds may commit silly errors [C] the popularly supported may be erroneous [D] nobody is immune to the influence of errors

48. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the statement \(Line 1,

Paragraph 3)?

[A] Principles of history and philosophy are hard to deal with. [B] People like to see what other people do for their own model. [C] The educated are more susceptible to errors in their daily life. [D] That everyone does the same may not prove they are all right. 49. Which of the following did the author probably suggest? [A] Support not the most supported. [B] Deny everything others believe. [C] Throw all tradition into trashcan. [D] Keep your eyes open all the time.

50. The author develops his writing mainly by means of _____. [A] reasoning [B] examples [C] comparisons [D] quotations

Section IV Translation

Directions: Translate the following paragraphs into Chinese. Write your answer on the answer

sheet. (20 points)

The value which society places on work has traditionally been closely associated with the value of

individualism and as a result it has had negative effects on the development of social security. (51) It has meant

that in the first place the amount of benefits must be small lest people's willingness to work and support

themselves suffers. Even today with flat rate and earnings-related benefits, the total amount of the benefit must

always be smaller than the person's wages for fear of malingering. \security,\

referring to Sweden's comparatively generous benefits, \threshold of

prosperity.\likelihood of

even the boldest of spirits attempting to live on the State rather than work. Many of the rules surrounding the

payment of unemployment or supplementary benefit are for this purpose. Third, the value placed on work is


manifested in a more positive way as in the case of disability. (52) People suffering from accidents incurred at

work or from occupational diseases receive preferential treatment by the social security service compared with

those suffering from civil accidents and ordinary illnesses.

Yet, the stranglehold which work has had on the social security service has been increasingly loosened over

the years. The provision of family allowances, family income supplements, the slight liberalization of the wages

stop are some of the manifestations of this trend. (53) Similarly, the preferential treatment given to occupational

disability by the social security service has been increasingly questioned with the demands for the upgrading of

benefits for the other types of disability. It is felt that in contemporary industrial societies the distinction between

occupational and non-occupational disability is artificial for many non-occupational forms of disability have an

industrial origin even if they do not occur directly in the workplace. (54) There is also the additional reason which

we mentioned in the argument for one benefit for all one-parent families, that a modern social security service

must concentrate on meeting needs irrespective of the cause behind such needs.

The relationship between social security and work is not all a one-way affair. (55) It is true that until very

recently the general view was that social security \anti-economic.\redundancy

payments and earnings-related unemployment benefits have been used with some success by employers and the

government to reduce workers' opposition towards loss of their job

Section I Structure and Vocabulary



真正的知识。可以判断句中应填入的是一个名词,各选项中唯有选项B 是名词。选项A 是动词,选项

C 是形容词,选项D 是动词的“-ing”形式。故正确答案为选项B。 2.【答案】A 【解析】在读小说时,我们会在过去记忆的基础上估计情节的发展。“base sth on sth”意为“以某事物为另

一事物的根据”。因此正常情况下“what is to come”是“base”的宾语。此句中“base...on…”应为修饰“what is to

come”的被动语态, 因此选项正确答案为选项A。 3.【答案】D

【解析】这位老先生看上去很体面,留一头灰发,戴着金边眼镜。四个选项都是形容词,选项A 意为

“恭敬的”,选项B 意为“受敬重的”,选项C 意为“各自的,分别的”,选项D 意为“体面的,有身份的”。

根据句意,本空应填入一个形容外表的词,故正确答案为选项D。 4.【答案】C

【解析】玩具商制造了逼真的太空站迷你模型。选项 A 意为“最小的,最小限度的”,选项B 意为“最小

的,最低的”,选项C 意为“微型的,缩小的”,选项D 意为“较小的,次要的”。根据句意可判断正确答案 为选项C。 5.【答案】B

【解析】他的左信号灯在闪动。选项A 意为“指示物”,选项B 意为“车辆方向指示装置”,选项C 意为“指

标,象征,记号”,选项D 意为“起诉者”。故正确答案为选项B。 6.【答案】D

【解析】警察已经放大了失踪女孩的照片。选项A 意为“放大或增强某事物(声音、电流或信号等),选

项B 意为“使(某事物的体积、规模)变大,扩大,增强”,选项C 意为“使(某物)(在空间或时间上)更

长,更大,延展”,选项D 意味“扩大;放大(尤指照片);增加细节”。故根据句意,正确答案为选项D。 7.【答案】B

【解析】探险家迷了路,因此他爬上山顶以找出自己的准确位置。选项 A 意为“(从许多人或事物中)

找出,辨认出”,选项B 意为“找出某人或某事物的准确位置”,选项C 作动词时意为“将某物放于某处”,

选项D 意为“使位于,使处于”。因此正确答案为选项B。 8.【答案】C

【解析】撞车之后,他检查了车子严重毁损的状况。选项 A 意为“毁灭,崩溃”,选项B 意为“破坏,毁

灭”,选项C 意为“损害,伤害”,选项D 意为“伤害,侮辱”。根据句意可知正确答案为选项C。


【解析】那个在街上骑自行车的男孩被一辆小巴士撞倒,受了致命重伤。选项A 意为“致命的”,选项B

意为“过多的,过分的,额外的”,选项C 意为“灾难性的,失败的”,选项D 意为“言过其实的,夸张的”。


根据句意可判断正确答案为选项A。 10.【答案】D 【解析】这个总统候选人通过赢得几场关键的选举来巩固他的地位。选项 A 意为“加强(某论点、信念

等),选项B 意为“改善某事物质量;使更富裕”,选项C 意为“(使事物)变得更强烈、尖锐”,选项D 意

为“巩固,加强”。根据句意本题正确答案为选项D。 11.【答案】C


或透支的意思,这个固定表达是:No fund,所以答案是C。A,capital,资本, B,payment, 付款。D,

payroll: 工资单。 12.【答案】A

【解析】A,conventions: 会议,公约,习俗。B,convenience: 方便,便利,C,convection: 对流,传

送。D,召集,集合。这样就很明显了,正确答案是A。 13.【答案】C


的固定表达是intellectual property。 14.【答案】D

【解析】根据题意,我们首先可以排除A,resist 抵制,B,accompany 伴随,C,accomplish 完成,D,

accommodate:容纳,使适应,调停。很到考生只知道accommodate 有提供的意思,但是不知道此词还有使

适应的意思,知道后就很容易得到答案是D。 15.【答案】B

【解析】本题是固定表达法,juvenile delinquency 是少年犯罪的意思。Discipline 是科目和纪律的意思,

disorder 是混乱的意思。Delirium 是神志昏迷。 16.【答案】D 【解析】本题也是考查固定的表达,急救室应该是emergency room。Crisis 是危机,crucial 是关键的,

eminency 是著名。所以正确答案是D。 17.【答案】C

【解析】本题不仅考查词的辨析还考查具体的用法,disclosed 暴露,揭示。Revealed 是展示,显现。

Explored 是探索。而 be exposed to something 是固定搭配,表示一直都在什么中,面对,接触。


【解析】本题是个词性的辨析,surface 都知道是表面的意思,但是它还可以当动词用,表示使浮出水

面,使展示。那么这样一来本题就很容易了,surge 是巨浪,澎湃。 Surfeit:过度,过量。 19.【答案】A 【解析】本题考查几个拼写相似的词的区别,其实这几个词表面看相似,但是意思差别很大,vary:使




【解析】本题需要正确理解选项的四个单词的意思,A,shown 展示,B,address,发表演说,提出问题

(待解决),C,addle:变质。D, adduct: 使内收。关键是现在要知道address 有提出问题的意思,知道了这


Section II Use of English

答案精讲 21.【答案】B

【解析】本句主语是“牛津大学”,谓语是主动语态,空格后是“…to be”结构,根据这些信息,选项中符

合要求的只有“claimed”。“claim to be”是“声称,宣称”的意思。故正确答案为选项B。选项A 和选项C 以

主动语态出现在本句时,在文意上无法与主语搭配;选项D 的“declaim”意为“演讲;抨击”。故排除这三个 选项。

22.【答案】C 【解析】本句所介绍的“就我们今天所知”的牛津大学建立情况和第一句中牛津大学一度声称“9 世纪由


fact”。故选项C 正确。选项A、B 和D 与文意不符,故排除这三个选项。