高考英语一轮备考语法练习(上)

导读:中国最大的教育门户E度高考网www.gaokao.com,中国最大的教育门户网站E度高考网www.gaokao.com,高考对冠词的考查几乎每年都有一道题,高考冠词主要考查其基本用法,6(山东济南高二英语08-09期末统考试题,healthcareplansareneededinallbigcitiesto,中国最大的教育门户E度高考网www.gaokao.com解释;reaction对??的

高考英语一轮备考语法练习(上)

中国最大的教育门户 E度高考网www.gaokao.com

解释;reaction对??的反应,结台本题语境可知,D为最佳答案。 16 A。【解析】make sense 等于be reasonable合情合理,, 17 C。【解析】have access to do sth固定搭配。 1 8 B。【解析】different weights不同的重量,结合句子内容可知,此处指的是从南到北

气候可能有差异,所穿服装也应该有所不同,所答案选B。 19 C。【解析】考查名词同义辨析,句意:我们必须考虑我们将使用什么样的设备进行

语言培训。appliance指(家用)电器;facility指某方面的设施,设备,如:public facilities公共设施。 20A。【解析】由题干中的coal, gas and oil.可知,这些都是燃料,故正确答案为A。article

物品;goods货物,商品;product产品.均不符合句意。 21 B。【解析】句意为这样的办公设备无疑将会对我的工作方式产生影响。make sense

有意义,讲得通;makek a difference to sb/sth对 ??产生影响;have an effect of sth对?·有影响。故答案选B。 22 B。【解析】句意为我实在不愿意和他下棋,但我不得不迎接他的挑战。challenge挑

战,符合句意。 23 C。【解析】句意为他很不诚实,任何情况下都别借给他钱,under no cimumstances

意思为在任何情况下都不,位于句首时句子要部分倒装。 24 A 。【解析】句意为别费力说服你的老板了,他不想雇用我这个大一学生。Have the

intention of doig sth打算做某事.有做某事的意刚,是习惯用法。 25 B。【解析】考察近义词辨析。由treatment at the hospital 可知,case此处意为病人。 26 C 。【解析】句意为我买了一部新款式的手机,当然便成了同学们羡慕的对象。wish

愿望;respect尊敬;envy羡慕(或嫉妒)的对象;admire感叹,称赞。故答案选C。 27 A 。【解析】句意为除了一些工厂的烟囱外,从我卧室看不到任何风景。view自然美

景,风景;scene景色,景象;sight情景,景象;look容貌,外表,由句意可知,答案选A。 28.B。【解析】考察名词词义辨析。,句意:在杨利伟成功邀游太空后,中围人民正盼

望着登月的第一次尝试。measure措施;attempt试图,尝试;pu rpose目的;desire渴望,欲望。故答案选B。 29 C 。【解析】state(精神、身体)状态,情况;position处境,地位;situation状况,形

势;condition状态,状况。此处表示身体状况,故答案选C。 30D。【解析】句意为一些著名歌手依靠卖唱片的收入谋生。表示收入的单词是income。

故答案选D。

中国最大的教育门户网站 E度高考网www.gaokao.com

中国最大的教育门户 E度高考网www.gaokao.com

专题二 冠词

高考对冠词的考查几乎每年都有一道题,而且都设两空,以增加覆盖面和难度。考生在冠词试题上失分较多,主要是缺乏语感,对一些知识点掌握不够透彻。高考冠词主要考查其基本用法,包括定冠词与不定冠词的区别用法、名词前省略冠词的场合、特指与泛指的区分以及习语中冠词的用法等。

考点一、 考查不定冠词a / an表示个别或泛指的用法 1. How about taking_____short break? I want to make_____call. A. the; a B. a; the C. the; theD. a; a

【解析】 答案为D。take a short break“休息一会儿”, make a call“打一个电话”。 2. Christmas is_____special holiday when_____whole family are supposed to get together.

A. the; the B. a; a C. the; a D. a; the

【解析】 答案为D。a special holiday指“某一个特别的节日”;the whole family为特指。

考点二、 考查定冠词the特指某一个人或事物的用法 1. I looked under_____bed and found books I lost last week. A. the; a B. the;the C. 不填;the D. the; 不填

【解析】 答案为B。此题中的the bed和the books都为特指。the bed 指“所看的床”;the books指“所丢的书”。

2. I like_____color of your skirt. It is good match for your blouse. A. a; theB. a; aC. the; a D. the; the

【解析】 答案为C。 the color指“你衬衫的颜色”;a good match泛指“和你的外套相配的一种好颜色”。

考点三、 考查不定冠词及零冠词的习惯搭配

1. George couldn’t remember when he first met Mr. Anderson, but he was sure it was Sunday because everybody was at church.

中国最大的教育门户网站 E度高考网www.gaokao.com

中国最大的教育门户 E度高考网www.gaokao.com

A. /; the B. the; / C. a; / D. /; a

【解析】 答案为C。a Sunday泛指某一个星期天;at church为固定搭配,不用冠词,意为“在做礼拜”。

2. Many people have come to realize that they should go on_____balanced diet and makeroom in their day for exercise.

A. a; / B. the; a C. the; the D. /; a

【解析】 答案为A。a balanced diet泛指“一种平衡的饮食”;make room为固定搭配,意为“腾出空间”。

考点四、 考查不定冠词在具体化的抽象名词前的用法 1. —How about_____Christmas evening party? —I should say it was_____success. A. a; a B. the; a C. a; 不填 D. the; 不填

【解析】 答案为B。the Christmas evening party为特指刚结束的圣诞晚会;a success考查抽象名词具体化时的不定冠词用法。success原为抽象名词,不可数, 但在此处已经完全具体化而变为可数名词。题中a success意为“一次成功的晚会”。当抽象名词表示具有某种特性、状态、情感、情绪的人和事时,这个抽象名词已经变为可数名词,再如What a pleasant surprise you gave us! 意为“你真的给我们带来了惊喜”。

【精选试题】 名校模拟题及其答案

1(盐城中学高一年级12月份阶段考试,21)We’ll be traveling by ________ camel across the desert before we go to ________university.

A. /; the B. the; / C. /; / D. the; a 2(沈阳二中2008—2009学年度上学期12月月考,8)Richard Powers’ The Echo Maker, ____ novel set in ___ small town of Kearney, Nebraska, US, has won the 57th US National Book Award for fiction.

A. the; the B. a; a; C. a; the D. /; the

3(辽宁省营口市08-09学年普通高中高二上学期期末质量检测,1)He is in ____ control of the company. I mean, the company is in ____ control of him.

A. the; / B. /; the C. the; the D. /; /

4(银川市实验中学2009届高三年级第三次月考,33)Now that Tom hates_______ school, the school becomes_______ prison to him

A. a;a B. /;a C. a;/ D. /;/

5(宁夏银川一中2009届高三年级第三次月考,21)In _____ preparation for the

中国最大的教育门户网站 E度高考网www.gaokao.com

中国最大的教育门户 E度高考网www.gaokao.com

launching of Shenzhou Ⅶ, scientists need ______ knowledge of weather changes.

A.the; the B.a; ∕ C.∕; a D.the; a

6(山东济南高二英语08-09期末统考试题,33)Because of ______ high demand for Type AB blood, ______ supplies of it are usually limited.

A. the; the B. 不填; 不填 C. 不填; the D. a; the 7.The sign reads “In case of ____ fire, break the glass and push ____ red button. ” A. 不填;a B. 不填;the C. the; the D. a; a

8.I earn 10 dollars ____ hour as ____ supermarket cashier on Saturdays. A. a; an B. the; a C. an; a D. an; the

9.There’s ____ dictionary on ____ desk by your side. A. a; the B. a; a C. the; a D. the; the 10.—Where is my blue shirt?

— It’s in the washing machine. You have to wear ____ different one. A. any B. the C. a D. other

11. If you have got temperature without coughing and headache,perhaps you have caught cold.Just stay in bed .Don’t think that you have got HINl.

A the;the;不填 B a;a;不填 C.a;the;the D a:a:the

12 As global warming continues to be major concern for the future of our planet,people are starting to turn to gmen living practices to help save it for future generations.

A. a:the B.a;不填 C不填;the D.the;the

13.Every second day he went to the library for some books to read. But after a page or two,he would put the book down and pick up new one

A.the:a B不填;龇 C th。;the D不填;a

14 The education of young has become hot and serious topic in the present society.

A the;不填 B.a;the C.不填;the D the;a 15 He has good knowledge of many foreign languages,and one of them is English which is language spoken by many people in the world.

A the:a B.a;the C.a;a D.the;the

16 Throughout history nan has had to accept fact that all living things must die.

A the:the B。;a C不填;the D不填;不填 17一Was problem solved?

一We were trying to think of way out,but it was impossible to find one. A a:the B the;a C.the;不填D。;。

18.I am in charge of the class which was in charge of my wife. A.不填:the B不填;不填 C the;不填D the;the

19 While music is just so-so, story in this TV play is quite moving A the:the B不填;不填 C.the;a D不填;the 20.According to World Health Organization,health care plans are needed in all big cities to prevent spread of AIDS 中国最大的教育门户网站 E度高考网www.gaokao.com

中国最大的教育门户 E度高考网www.gaokao.com

A the:the B.th。;不填 C.a;a D不填;the

21 Nowadays Intenet is becoming increasingly popular and new high speed broadband network has recently started.

A。a;the B the;a C a;a D the;the

22.We made Xiao Ming monitor at the class meeting last Saturday,since ten students have been looking after the old man by turns,including monitor

A our;不填 B不填;the C.the;the D.a;our

23 It was reposed by the foreign media that the 29th Beijing Olympic Games was unique and successful event in Olympic history.

A a;不填 B.the;the C.不填;the D.a;the

24 As is known,it was Hu Jintao, presidem in our nation,who gave lecture at the opening ceremony of Beijing Olympics。

A the;a B the;不填 C;the D不填;a 25 Love is way of life,but not aim of it

A.the;the B.a;the C a;all D.the;an

26 Many people have come to realize that they should go on balanced diet and make room in heir day for exercise.

A.the;不填 B the;a C the;the D不填;a

27 1 wanted to catch early train,but couldn’t get ride to the station A an;the B不填;the C an;不填D the;a

28 Gorge couldn’t remember when he first met Mr Anderson.but he was sure it was Sunday because everybody was at church

A不填;the B the;不填 C;不填 D不填:a

29 Polar bears live mostly on sea ice,which they useas platform for hunting seals。

A.a;a B.a;the C不填;a D the;不填

30. waIk is expected to last all day,so bring packed lunch A.A;a B.The;不填 C.The;a D.A;不填

——答案与解析—— 1.C【解析】by +camel 表示乘坐交通工具,中间不用任何冠词;go to university 上大学 固

定搭配。

2 C【解析】一本小说,可数;特指某个城镇,用定冠词。

3 B【解析】in control of 人控制某事某物;in the control of 某事某物在人的控制下。 4 B【解析】学校专有名词这个时候不加,泛指;像一座监狱,可数名词。

5 C【解析】in preparation for 固定搭配;a knowledge of 某一门知识,这个时候可数。 6D【解析】a demand for 固定搭配一个…需求;专指前面AB血型的供给。 7. B【解析】fire 表示火,抽象不可数,那个红色的按钮特指。

8 C【解析】一个小时可数,而且读音开头是元音,所以用an;作为一个超市收银员也是

泛指可数.

9. A【解析】桌子上有一本词典,不具体所指;你身边的桌子特指。

中国最大的教育门户网站 E度高考网www.gaokao.com

五星文库wxphp.com包含总结汇报、旅游景点、IT计算机、考试资料、人文社科、文档下载、教学研究、外语学习、办公文档以及高考英语一轮备考语法练习(上)等内容。

本文共8页12345>>8