翻译及练习题

导读:所以可以翻译为“……和……一样不,但是意义相反的句型是noless…than…,可以翻译为“既是……,第七节强调结构的翻译,翻译:,⑵morethan后面接名词或者动词,表示“不只是……”的意思。Heismorethanafathertoher.Hemorethansmiled,butlaughed.⑶morethan后面接形容词、副词或者分词,表示“及其,非常”的意思。Shewasmoret

翻译及练习题

⑵more than后面接名词或者动词,表示“不只是……”的意思。 He is more than a father to her. He more than smiled, but laughed.

⑶more than后面接形容词、副词或者分词,表示“及其,非常”的意思。 She was more than kind to us.

He was more than upset by the accident.

⑷more than…can…则表示“难以……,完全不能……”的意思。 That is more than I can understand.

The cold was more than the children could bear.

五、no more…than…句型

no more… than…句型在意义上与not any more than…一样,表示对两者都否定,所以可以翻译为“……和……一样不, 不……正如……, 既不……也不……,……和……两者都不”。跟no more…than…句型相近,但是意义相反的句型是no less…than…, 可以翻译为“既是……,也是……;两者都是……”。

His grammar is no better than mine. He is no less a writer than a painter.

第七节 强调结构的翻译

一、加助动词do

She did accomplish the task in time. We do have sufficient food and drink.

二、加the devil, the hell, on earth, in/under heaven等词组

Who the devil is that woman?

How on earth can one accomplish such a feat?

三、表示程度的形容词或副词

You are the very man I am looking for. The pear is rotten right through. This is much the best.

That article was simply ridiculous.

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历年考试真题

2002

Section V Translation (10points)

Directions: In this section there is a passage in English. Translate the five sentences underlined into Chinese and write your translation on the ANSWER SHEET2.

Genius is something that is difficult to measure to measure quantitatively since it is a unique quality, although most of us can recognize genius when we see it or hear it. (71)By contrast intelligence is possibly easier to quantify and like genius is a polygenic character that can be molded by the environment. Intelligence is a qualitative trait, which does have a genetic component, but it has a single dimension of expression.(72)There are several limitations in measuring intelligence b-y scale ranging from dull to bright, since individuals differ greatly in their genotypes . Any number of gene combination may predispose an individual to musical genius, or to painting ,or to designing computer programs, etc. The possession of any one of these abilities may or may not be associated with another. Moreover, the same genotype may be expressed in markedly different ways in markedly different environments.

(73)For example, intelligence quotient test scores vary considerably with illness and disease, educational, social and economic levels-even the skin color of the examiner conducting the IQ test may have a significant effect! There is also difficulty in deciding what intelligence should be applied to lean? Is it related to the enquiring mind or to motivation? Consequently comparisons between an IQ test given to a University student and to an Aborigine in Australia will give meaningless results, since the test is most unlikely to measure the same behavior.(74)Not only are the genotypes and the environments of these two individuals totally different, but their motivations for achievement in particular activities will be different. Indeed, as some articles, which the problems mentioned above show, people who believe they can estimate genetic and environmental contributions to differences in intelligence between races are statistically na?ve.

(75)If some races or social groups in the human population can be inferior in intelligence, it opens up the possibility that some segregationists or politicians could bring in legislation or policies to suppress or even eliminate such races or groups in the population . History certainly shows that this suggestion is quite likely when ruthless are in positions of power.

Can you see why the false scientific conclusions could become dangerous socially and politically?

分析:

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翻译:

2003

Section IV Translation (10points)

Directions: In this section there is a passage in English. Translate the five sentences underlined into Chinese and write your translation on ANSWER SHEET 2.

Lange, multinational corporations may be the companies whose ups and downs seize headlines. (71) But to a far greater extent than most Americans realize, the economy‘s vitality depends on the fortunes of tiny shops and restaurants, neighborhood services and are factories. Small businesses, defined as those with fewer than 100workers,now employ 60 percent of the workforce and expected to generate half of all new jobs between now and the year 2,000. Some 1.2 million small forms have opened their doors over the past 6 years of economic growth, and 1989 will see an additional 200,000 entrepreneurs striking off on their own.

Too many of these pioneers, however, will blaze ahead unprepared. Idealists will overestimate the clamor for their products or fail to factor in the competition. Nearly everyone will underestimate, often fatally .the capital that success requires. (72) Midcareer executives, forced by a takeover or a restructuring to quit the corporation and find another way to support themselves, may savor the idea of being their own boss but may forget that entrepreneurs must also. at least for

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a while, be bookkeepers and receptionists, too. According to Samll Business Administration data, 24 of every 100 businesses starting out today are likely to disappear in two years, and 27 more will have shut their doors four years from now. By 1995, more than 60 of those 100 start-ups, 77 percent of the companies surveyed were still alive. (73) Most credited their success in large part to having picked a business they already were comfortable in Eighty percent had worked with the same product or service in their last jobs. Thinking through an enterprise before the launch is obviously critical. But many entrepreneurs forget that a firm‘s health in its infancy may be little indication of how well it will age .you must tenderly monitor its pulse, in their zeal, to expand. Small business owners often ignore early warning signs of a stagnant market or of decaying profitability. (74) They hopefully four more and more into the enterprise, preferring not to acknowledge eroding profit margins that means the market for their ingenious service or product has evaporated, or that they must cut the payroll or vacate their lavish offices. Only when the financial well runs dry do they see the seriousness of the illness, and by then the patient is usually too far gone to save.

Frequent checks of your firm‘s vital signs will also guide you to a sensible rate of growth. (75) To snatch opportunity, you must spot the signals that it is time to conquer the new markets, add products or perhaps franchise your hot ideas.

分析:

翻译:

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2004

Section V Translation (10 points)

Directions: In this section there is a passage in English. Translate the five sentences underlined into Chinese and write your translation on the ANSWER SHEET2.

March 27, 1997, dawned as a normal day at the Collins― home. By the middle of the morning, Jack Collins was at his desk, writing checks, paying bills the way he always had: on time. Then the phone rang, and the nightmare began.

(71) An investigator for a bank was on the line, asking in a severe voice why Collins, a university physicist, was late on payments for a $27,000 car, bought in Virginia the previous year.

―I don‘t have a car like this,‖ Collins protested. The last time he had set foot in Virginia was as an officer at a submarine base, three decades ago. But his name was on the contract, and so was his Social Security Number.

During the months that ensued, he and his wife learned that someone had bought four more cars and 28 other items -- worth $113,000 in all m in their name. Their hitherto good credit record had been destroyed. (72) ―After a lifetime of being honest,‖ says Collins, ―all of a sudden I was basically being accused of stealing and treated like a criminal.‖

This is what it means to fall prey to a nonviolent but frightening and fast-growing crime: identity theft. It happens to at least 500,000 new victims each year, according to government figures.

(73) And it happens very easily because every identification number you have m Social Security, credit cards driver‘s license, telephone m ―is a key that unlocks some storage of money or goods,‖ says a fraud (欺诈) program manager of the US Postal Service. ―So if you throw away your credit card receipt and I get it and use the number on it, I‘m not becoming you, but to the credit card company I‘ve become your account.‖

(74) One major problems experts say, is that the Social Security Number (SSN) – originally meant only for retirement benefit and tax purposes -- has become the universal way to identify people. It is used as identification by the military, colleges and in billions of commercial transactions.

Yet a shrewd thief can easily snatch your SSN, not only by stealing your wallet, but also by taking mail from your box, going through your trash for discarded receipts and bills or asking for it over the phone on some pretext.

Using your SSN, the thief applies for a credit card in your name, asking that

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