2012_1 _外语教学法(A) 真题及参考答案

导读:外语教学法试题,http://www.8minzk.com2012年1月高等教育自学考试全国统一命题考试外语教学法试题课程代码:00833考生答题注意事项:1.本卷所有试卷必须在答题卡上作答。答在试卷和草稿纸上的无效。2.第一部分为选择题。必须对应试卷上的题号使用2B铅笔将“答题卡”的相应代码涂黑。3.第二部分为非选择题。必须注明大、小题号,使用0.5毫米黑色字迹笔作答。4

2012_1 _外语教学法(A) 真题及参考答案

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2012年1月高等教育自学考试全国统一命题考试

外语教学法 试题

课程代码:00833

考生答题注意事项:

1. 本卷所有试卷必须在答题卡上作答。答在试卷和草稿纸上的无效。

2. 第一部分为选择题。必须对应试卷上的题号使用2B铅笔将“答题卡”的相应代码涂黑。 3. 第二部分为非选择题。必须注明大、小题号,使用0.5毫米黑色字迹笔作答。 4. 合理安排答题空间,超出答题区域无效。

I. Multiple Choices: (20%)

Directions: In this section, you are given 20 questions, beneath each of which are four choices

marked A, B,C and D. You are to make the best choice either to complete the incomplete statement or to answer the question. One point is given to each correct choice.

1. According to the records available, human beings have been involved in the study of language for ___________ years. A. 1,000 B. 1,500 C. 2,000 D. 2,500

2. By the mid-_________ the upheaval in linguistics and psycholinguistics created by Chomsky’s transformational-generative grammar had begun to affect language pedagogy. A. 1940s B. 1950s C. 1960s D. 1970s

3. The Natural Approach believes that the teaching of _________ should be delayed until comprehension skills are established. A. listening B. speaking C. reading D. writing

4. The generative-transformational school of linguistics emerged through the influence of __________ .

A. Noam Chomsky B. J. Piaget C. D. Ausubel D. J.B. Bruner

5. In foreign language teaching, the target language was interpreted as a system of rules to be observed in texts and sentences, and to be related to the first language __________ and meaning. A. words B. rules C. sentences D. context

6. In the 19th century, the strategy in language teaching usually adopted by foreign language teachers was the _______ of grammar rules with translation. A. introduction B. interpretation C. comprehension D. combination

7. In the Direct Method, teachers encourage learners to _______ rules of grammar through active use of the target language in the classroom. A. apply B. analyze

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C. induce D. paraphrase

8. _________can be introduced as a means of consolidation and evaluation in the Direct Method. A. Reading B. Listening C. Speaking D. Writing

9. The psychological theory underlying the Grammar-Translation Method was _________ Psychology.

A. Developmental B. Child C. Faculty D. Adult

10. In the opinion of Palmer and some other linguists of his time, _________ played one of the most important roles in foreign language learning. A. grammar B. phonetics C. vocabulary D. rhetoric

11. _________ is NOT one of the systematic principles the Oral Approach involves? A. Selection B. Translation C. Gradation D. Presentation

12. In which book did Skinner apply the theory of conditioning to the way humans acquire language?

A. Lado English Series B. Toward a Theory of Instruction C. Language Teaching Analysis D. Verbal Behavior

13. According to the behaviorist, a _________ is formed when a correct response to a stimulus is consistently rewarded. A. meaning B. word C. habit D. reaction

14. Materials in the Audiolingual Method are primarily _________. A. instruction-oriented B. student-oriented C. teacher-oriented D. habit-oriented

15. _________ is NOT discussed in the book Foreign Language Teaching Methodology? A. The nature of foreign language teaching methodology B. The history of foreign language teaching

C. Theories of foreign language teaching methodology D. The history of the English language

16. Piaget saw cognitive development as essentially a process of __________ within which genetics and experience interact. A. maturation B. accommodation C. comprehension D. assimilation

17. Georgi Lozanov asserts that the reason for our inefficiency is that we __________. A. lay too much emphasis on oral performance B. ignore the needs of learners

C. set up psychological barriers to learning D. give students little room and time to learn

18. Krashen believes that acquisition of a language refers to the __________ process leading to the development of competence and is not dependent on the teaching of grammatical rules. A. conscious B. unconscious C. overconscious D. subconscious

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19.Another linguistic theory of communication favored in Communication Language Teaching is _________ functional account of language use. A. Chomsky’s B. Hymes’s C. Candlin’s D. Halliday’s

20. With regard to syllabus design, the Communicative Approach lays special emphasis on _________ .

A. authentic materials B. learners’ needs C. meaningful drills D. teachers’ roles II. Filling Blanks: (20%)

Directions: In this section, there are 20 statements with 20 blanks. You are to fill each blank

with ONE appropriate word. One point is given to each blank.

21. _________ was a language of communication that people widely studied in the Western world before the 16th century.

22. In Malinowski’s opinion, an utterance has no _________ at all if it is out of the context of situation.

23. Behaviorism believes that basic learning processes could be described in terms of stimuli and_________.

24. Some linguists thought that all languages originated from one language and were ruled by a common _________ .

25. The combination of structural linguistic theory, aural-oral procedures, and behaviorist psychology led to the _________ Method.

26. The formula __________, advocated by Krashen, means input that contains structures slightly above the learner’s present level.

27. In the Direct Method, the target language is used _________in the language classroom as a means of instruction and communication.

28. In a suggestopaedic course, direct and indirect positive _________ are made to enhance students’ self-confidence and to convince them that success is attainable.

29. Chomsky divides the grammar of a natural language into __________ grammar and peripheral grammar.

30. The Direct Method advocates the importance of oral language and believes that language should be learned through direct ______ of form and meaning.

31. The Direct Method believes in the _______ process of language learning and in the inductive teaching of grammar.

32. The Oral Approach believes in a theory of learning that is based on a type of behaviorist _______theory.

33. The Cognitive Approach lays emphasis on innate organizing principles in human perception and______.

34. In a typical Audiolingual lesson the following procedures can be observed: recognition, imitation and repetition, _______ drills, and follow-up activities.

35. At the level of classroom teaching, the Communicative Approach holds that activities should provide opportunities for learners to __________ the language.

36. The Cognitive Approach holds that learning a language is a process of acquiring __________control of the phonological, grammatical and lexical patterns of a second language, largely through study and analysis of these patterns as a body of knowledge.

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37. Krashen sees the learner’s emotional state or attitudes as an adjustable ____________ that freely passes or blocks input necessary to acquisition.

38. Gattegno anticipates that using the Silent Way would require most teachers to change their perception of their _________.

39. Community Language Learning advises teachers to consider their students as “whole persons”; therefore, the method is sometimes cited as an example of a “__________ approach”.

40. British linguists of structuralism believed that _________ in a language were rule-governed. III. Matching: (10 %)

Directions: This section consists of two groups of pairs listed in two columns, A and B. You

are to match the one marked 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 in Column A with the one marked a, b, c, d or e in Column B. One point is given to each pair you match correctly.

41. A: advantage or disadvantage associated with B: main features of the Grammar-Translation the feature 1. few demands on teachers 2. language learned unable to meet the practical needs of learners 3. better understanding of abstract words 4. a good mastery of the grammar system of the target language helpful for teacher-to-be students 5. little attention to speaking or listening 42. e. emphasis on the teaching of the second language grammar Method a. priority of literary language b. emphasis on reading and writing c. native language being the main medium of instruction d. translation being the principal practice technique The Cognitive Approach A 1. theory of language 2. theory of learning 3. one of the objectives 4. one of the techniques B a. recognition of the decisive role of the learner in foreign language learning b. the learner’s control of the language in all its manifestation as a coherent and meaningful system c. cognitive psychology d. physical response 5. one of the main features e. transformational grammar IV. Questions for Brief Answers: (30%)

Directions: This section has six questions. You are to answer them briefly. Five points are

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given to each question.

43. Give at least five techniques a Grammar-Translation teacher usually uses to help realize the course objectives.

44. What are the four points summarized by Tang Lixing on the methodological development

before the 1980s in China?

45. What are the five hypotheses of the monitor theory?

46. Why is the Oral Approach sometimes referred to as the Situational Approach? 47. Why is a language lab considered essential in an Audiolingual classroom?

48. What should a Natural Approach teacher do when the learner is ready to start talking in the

target language?

V. Questions for Long Answers: (20%)

Directions: The two questions in this section are to be answered on the basis of your own

teaching experience as well as the theoretical knowledge you've learned. Ten points are given to each question.

49. What advantages can be found in the Direct Method?

50. What are the main features of the Communicative Approach?

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