19. Warm and dry clothes are also necessary to keep you comfortable: 温暖干燥的衣服对于保持舒适也是必须的。
keep+名词+形容词的意思为“使??处于??状态中”。如： My work kept me busy all day.
此外，keep doing something表示“一直做某事”。如： I have kept doing my homework for 2 hours. I am sorry to keep you waiting for so much time.
20.The money is used to help poor people and to support development projects. 钱是被用来帮助穷人和支持发展计划的。
be used to do的意思是“被用来”。如： The recorder is used to help you learn English well. The computer is used to search for information
21. Why not try your best to help people in need? 为什么不尽你的努力来帮助有困难的人呢？
Why not+do sth 表示提出建议。
Why not go out for a walk?
People in need: 困难的人。People in trouble:有麻烦的人
22.This will be an experience you will never forget. 这将是我永远难忘的经历。
Experience的含义是“经历”，是可数名词。experience 也可作“经验”讲，是不可数名词 如：Our teacher always tells us his interesting experiences in England. （经历）
He has a lot of teaching experience. （经验）
23. It is + 形容词+that 从句
It 是形式主语，that从句才是真正的主语。如： It is sad that some people are blind.
It is wrong that we look down on disabled people. It is necessary that we learn English well.
It is important that you have your own support team.
24. It is+形容词+动词不定式
It is difficult to walk through eight country parks. It is useful to have support teams. It is necessary to learn English well. It is easy to give seats to the elderly.
25. It is +形容词+for sb.+动词不定式
It is important for us to support him. It is meaningful for us to help Ben.
It is important for him to learn some computer skills. It is difficult for Joan to finish the work within 10 days.
26. 主语+be 动词+形容词+动词不定式
The article is easy to understand.
The story is interesting to read. The event is meaning to organize. The problem is difficult to solve.
典 例 解 析
1. I am sorry I can‘t ________ the name of the TV play.
A. think hard B. think about C. think over D. think of 2. The boy usually spends his spare time _______ football.
A. play B. playing C. to play D. plays 3. I ______ you will write me back soon.
A. wish B. need C. want D. hope 4. The ship ________ radio signals for help before it sank.
A. gave off B. gave out C. gave up D. gave away 5. The man was remembered as a hero ______ he gave his life for his country.
A. due to B. because of C. because D. thanks to 6. Must we finish the work today? No, you ____.
A. mustn‘t B. don‘t have C. don‘t have to D. needn‘t to 7. Teaching young children is _______, but the teachers always _____.
A. a hard work; hard work B. hard work; work hard C. a hard work; work hard D. hard work; hard work 8. Yesterday I _____ TV ______ a stranger broke in.
A. watched; while B. was watching; when C. watched; when D. was watching; while 9. ---You‘d better hurry, my dear.
--- Just a minute. It won‘t _____ me much time to change.
A. spend B. take C. cost D. pay 10. Will it be a __________?
A. successful B. succeed C. success D. succeeded
综 合 练 习 （A）
IV. 单项选择 (15%)
( ) 1._____ the beginning, we didn‘t like English, but now we like it very much. A. In B. With C. By D. To ( ) 2. My mother will come home ______ a month.
A. after B. on C. in ( ) 3. That mp3 is _________ expensive. I can‘t afford it. A. bit B. little C. a bit ( ) 4. It‘s difficult ____ you to learn English _____. A. of; good B. of; well A. a such good book
C. for; good B. a good such book
( ) 5. I recommend you to buy this book because it is _______. C. such good a book D. such a good book ( ) 6. I am sorry that I have kept you ______ for so long. A. waiting B. wait C. to wait
D. by D. a bit of D. for; well
( ) 7. How terrible! Now I am getting _____________. A. fat and fat B. fatter and fatter C. much fat ( ) 8. I ______ get up at 6 o‘clock. But today I got up at 7.
D. more and more fat
A. used to B. be used to C. use to D. am used to ( ) 9. Now Doctor Li is used to ________ on many patients every day. A. operate B. operating C. operation D. operates ( ) 10. They are ____ poor ____ they can‘t go to school.
A. too; to B. so; to C. so; that D. too; that ( ) 11. ORBIS is a charity that helps ____ people.
A. blind B. deaf C. poor ( ) 12. We didn‘t go out yesterday _____ it rained heavily.
A. because B. because of C. that ( ) 13. We need enough money to ______with our work.
A. put on B. turn on C. try on
D. rich D. so D. carry on
( ) 14. Tom is a hard-working boy and he has spent all his money _____ books.
A. with B. for C. on D. about ( ) 15. May I _____ the book for two weeks?
A. buy B. borrow C. lend V. 词型填空 (15%)
1. I _________ ( talk ) with my friend on the phone when father came back home last night. 2. Have you finished ___________ ( read ) the book yet ? 3. Spring is the best time __________ ( go ) traveling.
4. ------- When _________ your parents __________ ( get ) married? ------ In 1995.
5. Boys and girls, I have something __________(重要的) to tell you. We will _________(举行) a walk next Sunday. The name of the walk is ―Walk for children‖. The __________(目的) of the walk is to _________(筹集) money for the __________(慈善组织) called ___________(工程)Hope. Your ___________(捐赠)can _________(提供) children with food, clothes, and a _________(机会) to study. We will start at 10 o‘clock that morning and we will walk from our school to South Hill. Don‘t be ________(迟到).
______________________________________________________________________________ 2． 病人不必付治疗费用。
VII. 单句改错 (10%)
1. It is a excellent chance for people to learn team spirit. 2. I am used to eat a lot of fruit. 3. The fans were very excited because of they saw Jacky Chou. 4. We want to go out for a walk so it is cool outside.
___________ ___________ ___________ ___________
5. Students will get a lot of knowledges in our school.
VIII. 完型填空 (10%)
Someone says, ― Time is money.‖ But I think time is even more important than money. Why? Because when money , it‘ll never return. That is we mustn‘t waste time. It goes without saying that time is usually limited. of our time to 5_____ something useful.
In a word, we should save time. We shouldn‘t 9______ today‘s work for tomorrow. ( ) 1. A. taken B. lost C. made D. spent ( ) 2. A. finished ( ) 3. A. why ( ) 4. A. For ( ) 5. A. make ( ) 6. A. hear ( ) 7. A. limited ( ) 8. A. time ( ) 9. A. stop ( ) 10.A. lose
IX. 阅读理解 (20%)
Thomas Alva Edison was given more patents on inventions than any other Americans. When he died in 1931, Americans wondered how they could best show their respect(尊敬) for him. One suggestion was that the nation observe(实行) a minute or two of total blackout. All electric power would be shut off in homes, streets and factories.
Perhaps this suggested plan made Americans realize fully what Edison and his inventions meant to them. Electric power was too important to the country. Shutting it off for even a short time would have led to complete confusion(混乱). A blackout was out of the question.
On the day of Edison‘s funeral(葬礼), many people silently dimmed(使暗淡) their light. In this way they honored the man who had done more than anyone else to put the great force of electricity at his countrymen‘s fingertips.
( ) 1. Which was invented by Edison?
A. bomb B. printer C. pc ( ) 2. This passage says that Thomas Edison ___________ .
A. was the only important American inventor B. received the first American patent
C. received more patents than any other Americans
D. was the first American inventor
( ) 3. The suggested plan was to ___________ .
A. turn off the lights in factories and schools B. observe a few minutes of total silence C. dim all electric lights
D. shut off all electricity for a short time
( ) 4. The plan was never carried out because __________ .
A. not everyone wanted to honor Edison
B. saved B. what B. Even B. bring B. see B. enough B. food B. leave B. save
C. gone C. that C. In C. do
D. limited D. because D. But D. invent D. know D. less D. money D. give D. spend
C. feel C. spare C. life
C. let C. take