国际贸易实务(周瑞琪等)_课后答案详解

导读:答案:No,卖方没有违反信用证“不允许装船”的规定,(1)答案:No,(2)答案:买方自己而不应由卖方承担损失,答题切入点:贸易术语CIF风险的转移,(3)答案:承运人应对货损负责,(4)答案:卖方可建议并协助买方直接向承运人交涉并索赔,ChapterfiveVI.CaseStudies1.ABCco.signedacontracttoexport200M/Tofbeans.Theletter

国际贸易实务(周瑞琪等)_课后答案详解

Chapter five VI. Case Studies

1. ABC co. signed a contract to export 200 M/T of beans. The letter of credit

stipulated, “Partial shipment not allowed”. When the shipment was being made, the exporter loaded 100 M/T each on board the same vessel for the same voyage at the port of Shanghai and the port of Dalian. The shipment document was clearly marked with the ports of shipment and the dates of shipment. Did the exporter violate the terms of the L/C?

析:本题的解题要点:UCP600第三十一条:b.表明使用同一运输工具并经由同

次航程运输的数套运输单据在同一次提交时,只要显示相同目的地,将不视为部分发运,即使运输单据上表明的发运日期不同或装货港、接管地或发运地点不同。案例虽然没有说明货物是否在同一目的港卸货,但如果没有强调说明,一般认为是同一个目的地。

答案:No, 卖方没有违反信用证“不允许装船” 的规定。 答题切入点:对转船的定义和相关规定的理解。

3. A Chinese exporter signed a CIF contract with a foreign importer. Payment was

to be made by irrevocable sight L/C. Both the contract and the L/C prohibited transshipment. Within the validity of the Credit, the exporter shipped the cargo on board a liner sailing direct to the port of destination, and presented the direct B/L for negotiation. Later the foreign issuing bank also made payment against the direct B/L forwarded by the negotiation bank. However, in order to collect some other cargos, the carrying vessel unloaded the cargo at an intermediate port without authorization. The cargo was instead reloaded on to an old vessel, and thus arrived at the destination two months late. As a result, the buyer lodged a claim against the Chinese side for fraud, since the cargo was actually transshipped even though the direct B/L was issued. Finally the exporter accepted the claim and made compensation as requested, as he thought that he, as the person booking the vessel, should be liable for the carrier's unauthorized transshipment.

(1) Do you think the settlement of this case appropriate? (2) Who should bear the loss? Why?

(3) Who should be liable for the damage? Why? (4) What should the seller do?

析:本题的解题要点:a. 信用证规定不允许转船; b. 卖方与承运人签订的运输

合同是要求直达船运输的,有直达提单为证; c. 承运人中途卸货转船是其单方面的违约行为。

(1)答案:No。 卖方不应赔偿买方的损失。

答题切入点: a. CIF的性质和卖方的责任 b. 中途卸货转船的责任人。 (2)答案:买方自己而不应由卖方承担损失。 答题切入点:贸易术语CIF风险的转移。 (3)答案:承运人应对货损负责。

答题切入点:a. Direct B/L的含义 b. 造成货损的直接原因及其责任方。 (4)答案:卖方可建议并协助买方直接向承运人交涉并索赔。 答题切入点:卖方不是货损的责任人。

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