人教新课标选修八 Unit 1 A land of diversity单元教案


人教新课标选修八 Unit 1 A land of diversity单元教案

嘉兴英语教学网 www.jxenglish.com 收集整理 欢迎使用 S3: Originally, Shanghai was a seaside fishing village and in time its gradual development led to it being granted County status on August 19th, 1291 during the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368). Hence this day became the anniversary of the founding of Shanghai. Today?s Shanghai is a multi-cultural metropolis with both modern and traditional Chinese features. Bubbling Shanghai shows off every aspect of her unique beauty.

S4: Serving as the largest base of Chinese industrial technology, the important seaport and China?s largest commercial and financial center, shanghai draws the attention of the whole world.

S1: Modern Shanghai has three key areas of interest to the visitor. These comprise Sightseeing, Business and Shopping centered upon People?s Square and along the Huangpu River. The city?s Cultural Center with its public activities and community facilities and finally the main Entertainment and Holiday Tourism area located at Mt. Sheshan, Chongming Island, Dingshan Lake and Shenshuigang Area.

S2: Known as “the Oriental Paris”, Shanghai is a shopper?s paradise. One of the musts for tourists is Nanjing Road. Huaihai Road intrigues those with modern and fashionable tastes, while Sichuan North Road meets the demands of ordinary folk. In addition, Xujiahui Shopping Center, Yuyuan Shopping City, Jiali Sleepless City are thriving and popular destinations for those who are seeking to buy something special as a memento of their visit.

S3: A wide variety of cuisines can be found in the City and today Shanghai offers a plethora of culinary delights focusing on the traditions of Beijing, Yangzhou, Sichuan, Guangzhou as well as its own local dishes. Shanghai?s restaurants are among the finest to be found in China and they welcome diners from anywhere at any time. S4: Shanghai continues to grow and prosper meeting the aspirations of the 21st century while retaining its proud traditions of service and hospitality. The Oriental Pearl TV Tower, Jinmao Mansion and Pudong International Airport are the modern symbols of an international metropolis while the Shanghai Museum, Shanghai Grand Theatre and Shanghai City Planning Exhibition Center are evidence of the extensive and deep passion of a great city that extends a warm welcome to friends from all over

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嘉兴英语教学网 www.jxenglish.com 收集整理 欢迎使用 the world. After discussion.

T: All right. Please prepare to write a description of the Chinese city, province or zone. Before writing, please read the tips and follow the steps given in the textbooks. A sample version:

Shanghai Introduction

▲Shanghai is a very beautiful and famous city.

▲Shanghai literally means “a port on the sea”. It is known as the “Oriental Pearl”. ▲Shanghai is one of the largest cities in the world with a population of 17 million people.

▲In the past 10 years, Shanghai?s GDP grew over 10% each year. Local Area Information

Shanghai is situated on the bank of the Yangtze River Delta, with East River in the east and Hangzhou delta in the south. Housing a population of over 16 million at present, it was once a small town supported by fishing and weaving before the first Opium War. Late in 1990, the central government started developing the area, and has since became the well-known booming metropolis city. Climate

Shanghai?s weather is moderate (annual average temperature is about 15 degrees centigrade) and the seasons are not as distinct as in the North. Shanghai is characterized by a warm spring, hot summer, cool autumn and cold winter.

Shanghai receives abundant rainfall and the average annual precipitation is over 1000

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嘉兴英语教学网 www.jxenglish.com 收集整理 欢迎使用 cm. The “Plum Flower Rain” season (frequent light rain) is from mid-June to early July with an average daily rainfall of 259 mm. During July and September, strong storms with torrential rain become frequent. However, it seldom snows in Shanghai. Shanghai summers are hot and humid. July and August are Shanghai?s hottest months with average highs of 27.4 degrees centigrade.

The temperature in autumn is mild and rain is less likely than in spring and summer. In winter, January is the coldest month, with a temperature average of 3 degrees centigrade.

All in all, it is best to go prepared with light clothing in summer and warm, heavy clothing in winter. Also, always prepare for rain by keeping an umbrella, but most hotels can equip you with one if needed! Geography

Shanghai occupies 6,200 sq. km. and lies in central-eastern China, facing the East China Sea.

Population: 14 million History

Shanghai began as a fishing village in the 11th century, but by the mid-18th century it was an important area for growing cotton and by the 1800s it was becoming the largest city in China. Foreigners came into Shanghai due to foreign trade after the Opium Wars. The British, along with the Americans and French, were allowed to live in certain territorial zones without being under the Chinese laws. As a result of all the foreigners, Shanghai became greatly influenced by Western culture, but things changed dramatically after Communism took over.

During the 1900s, opium sales along with the gambling and prostitution that went with it brought in very big profits. After the end of Shanghai?s subjugation by the Japanese, the Nationalist Chinese

government was given control of the city. The foreigners no longer had control and by 1949, Shanghai was transformed by the Communist Chinese government. As the foreigners left, the businesses that were left behind were one by one taken over by the government. After losing ground during the Cultural Revolution from 1966 to 1976,

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嘉兴英语教学网 www.jxenglish.com 收集整理 欢迎使用 Ding Xiaopeng?s open door policy allowed for the advancement back to being an international force in business and finance. Culture

In recent times Shanghai has become a prominent city and a cultural center. Both Chinese and western culture have merged and developed here since the mid-19th century AD. A) Religions

Catholicism has a long history in Shanghai dating back as early as the Ming Dynasty (1595 AD). Among Catholic churches built here is the Dongjiadu Church, which was the first Catholic Church in China. The church built in 1940 in Xujiahui district was one of the largest Catholic churches in Shanghai. The Xujiahui district used to be the largest diocese of Catholicism in China.

Shanghai also has Buddhist temples. The best are the Longhua Temple in the south, the Jade Buddha Temple in the north, and the Jing?an Temple in the middle. They are active throughout the year and ceremonies are held at Spring Festival and other holidays.

B) Architecture Styles

Shanghai is a city mixing China and European architecture styles. Some hotels, office buildings, museums and houses built by Europeans are replicas of traditional European architecture.

Traditional Chinese landscape structures, such as the Mandarin Garden, the Qiuxia Garden, the Guyi Garden, the Qushui Garden, and the Zuibaichi Garden, exemplify Chinese architectural art. The Mandarin Garden is an example of a traditional Garden. It combines Ming and Qing architecture styles. The elaborate design includes pavilions, halls, rocks, fountains, and flowing water. C) Arts

Dramas performed in Shanghai include Kunqu, Beijing, Yue, Hu, Huai, Yong, Xi and Shao operas, as well as farce and Pingtan, Shanghai is the cradle of plays and movies. Traditional Chinese paintings flourished in Shanghai and became a special style. Examples can be seen in the Shanghai Museum in People?s Park, which also displays

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嘉兴英语教学网 www.jxenglish.com 收集整理 欢迎使用 comprehensive collections of jade, bronze vessels, ceramics, sculptures, money, and ancient paintings. D) Handicrafts

Shanghai is famous for silk embroidery of the Gu family style. It was created earlier than the other four famous embroidery styles (the Su, Ting, Yue, and Shu) which were influenced by the Gu embroidery. Production

Local products like, Gu Embroidery, also called Luxiang Yuan Embroidery, from the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), is now used in producing clothes, ornaments and bedding. Shanghai was one of the original producers and exporters of Chinese silk and silk produced here remains unique owing to its age old traditions as well as new means of production and design.

Step Ⅳ Homework: Project

After class, ask the students to study small pieces of the USA, its culture and its people and then put all the pieces together to form a more complete picture. In this project, each student should choose a different aspect of America to research and then present his or her information to the rest of the class. They can use the library or search for information on the Internet. A sample version:

1. The area to study: an American festival 2. Thanksgiving

3. Research and presentation: Thanksgiving

Thanksgiving Day in America is a time to offer thanks, of family gatherings and holiday meals. A time of turkeys, stuffing, and pumpkin pie. A time for Indian corn, holiday parades and giant balloons.

So here are some holiday things for you and your family. We?ve got stories of the

Pilgrims and the first Thanksgiving, turkeys to take home, holiday pictures

for the kids to print and color, tasty holiday recipes and e-greeting cards to send your

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嘉兴英语教学网 www.jxenglish.com 收集整理 欢迎使用 friends and family. We hope you find something you like!

Thanksgiving is celebrated on the 4th Thursday of November, which this year

(2005) is November 24th.

So bring your kids and tell your friends. And please stop by again. Don?t forget to

sign our Guestbook before you leave.

附 件 文化背景知识 The United States Background:

Britain?s American colonies broke with the mother country in 1776 and were recognized as the new nation of the United States of America following the Treaty of Paris in 1783. During the 19th and 20th centuries, 37 new states were added to the original 13 as the nation expanded across the North American continent and acquired a number of overseas possessions. The two most traumatic experiences in the nation?s history were the Civil War (1861-65) and the Great Depression of the 1930s. Buoyed by victories in World Wars I and II and the end of the Cold War in 1991, the US remains the world?s most powerful nation state. The economy is marked by steady growth, low unemployment and inflation, and rapid advances in technology.

Location: North America, bordering both the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Pacific Ocean, between Canada and Mexico. Geographic coordinates: 38 00 N, 97 00 W

Area: about half the size of Russia; about three-tenths the size of Africa; about half the size of South America (or slightly larger than Brazil); slightly larger than China; almost two and a half times the size of the European Union. total: 9,631,418 sq km land: 9,161,923 sq km water: 469,495 sq km

note: includes only the 50 states and District of Columbia

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